Английский язык 5 класс Учебник Тер-Минасова Узунова часть 1

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S. Ter-Minasova, L. Uzunova, J. Kurasovskaya, V. Robustova 3 .ЯЯДШШ5ИМ >b . ТЮДМММ jnq , ш'\Ш .^„^мИяИшяВ .1.И ^ч.т.... - - *^шияиан jL. - V > ' * . *айНДЖ^ЦЯ ИрМш -m’4 i«-' .... >ь «•« ящЯЁВБшшЗв III nv\ с.г. Тер-Минасова, Л.М. Узунова, Ю.Б. Курасовская, В.В. Робустова класс Учебник для общеобразовательных учреждений В двух частях Часть 1 Учебник прошел экспертизу в РАН (протокол 10106-5215/233 от 12.10.2012) и РАО (протокол 01-5/7Д-196 от 11.10.2012) на соответствие требованиям ФГОС НОО Рекомендовано Министерством образования и науки Российской Федерации Москва АКАДЕМКНИГА/УЧЕБНИК 2013 УДК 373.167.1:811.111 ББК 81.2АНГЛ-922 А64 А64 Английский язык Учебник для общеобразоват. 5 кл. В 2 ч. / С.Г. Тер-Минасова, Л.М. Узунова, учреждении : Ю.Б. Курасов- ская, В.В. Робустова. 120 с. : цв. ил. М. Академкнига/Учебник, 2013. Ч. 1 ISBN 978-5-49400-291-4 (общ.) ISBN 978-5-49400-292-1 (ч. 1) Учебник разработан в соответствии с требованиями Федерального государств.енного образовательного стандарта общего образования по иностранному языку. Содержание учебни-ка обеспечивает обучение в контексте коммуникативно-деятельностного, социокультурного и личностно-ориентированного подходов к развитию школьников; включает множество естественных ситуаций общения; создает мотивацию и интерес для учащихся на уроках английского языка. В учебно-методический комплект входят: Программа, Учебник, Рабочая тетрадь. Книга для чтения. Книга для учителя и Звуковое пособие. 373.167.1:811.111 ББК 81.2АНГЛ-922 Условные обозначения аудирование домашнее задание на аудирование домашнее задание в рабочей тетради * задание по выбору учителя ISBN 978-5-49400-291-4 (общ.) ISBN 978-5-49400-292-1 (ч. 1) © Тер-Минасова С.Г., Узунова Л.М., Курасовская Ю.Б., Робустова В.В., 2013 © Оформление. Издательство «Академкнига/Учебник», 2013 ЭТТ...............................XjeinqeooA еТТ ......................8ЭиШ8^8Ц J8mUI8J9 89 ......................... PU8|88Z M8N pue uieijjg I88J9 |88|/y LV PIJOM |08ЦЭ$ 841 17 S8IJ8IS Aniuej 1. а) Meet Jenny. She is from the USA. Listen to what she is saying and choose the picture of her family. Say why you have chosen this picture. b) Say what you learned about Jenny’s family. 4 Familu Stories 2. Look at Jenny’s family tree, listen to her and guess the meaning of the new words. I’ve got a lot of other relatives. My grandmother and my grandfather have been together for 43 years and my granny says that my grandpa is the best husband in the world. Uncle Willy is my mum’s brother and aunt Kate is uncle Willy’s wife. They are very kind. My cousin Mike is the tallest in the family. His height is 2 metres. He’s a policeman. 3. Complete the sentences about Jenny’s family. Jenny’s family is big, she’s got a lot of ... . Ann is Mark’s ... . Willy is Kate’s ... . Fred and Paul are Mike’s ... . Paul is shorter than Mike, his ... is 1 metre 90 centimetres Mike’s got four ...: Lucy, Jenny Paul and Fred. 5 4. Work in two groups. Play the roles of Jenny’s father (Mark) and her uncle (Willy). You have a big family. Introduce (представь) your relatives to your class. Your friends will play the roles of other members of the family. 5. a) Read out loud. [л] brother, son, grandmother, London, other, other relatives, company, uncle, husband, cousin. Willy is Jenny’s uncle. Mark is Ann’s husband. Mike is Jenny’s cousin. [ai] writer, wife, height. Ann is Mark’s wife. Mike’s height is 2 metres. [e] Fred, relative. They’ve got a lot of relatives. [a:] father, grandfather. Barbie, aunt. She is my aunt. b) Read the numerals correctly. 19, 59, 18, 12, 15, 50, 20, 11 in 1959 (nineteen fifty nine); in 1812; in 1550, in 2009 (two thousand and nine), in 2005, in 2010, in 2011 6. a) Lucy and Jenny have got a lot of dolls. Their favourite doll is Barbie. Read the text about it and say how the doll got its name. o/* Barbie Barbie is the most popular doll in the world. In 2009 she celebrated her 50th birthday. She’s got hundreds of dresses, houses and cars. Barbie has got three sisters and one brother, one cousin and a lot of friends. Ruth Handler and her husband Elliot had a small company which made toys. They also had two children: Barbara and Ken. One day Ruth saw how her daughter played with her paper^ dolls: she put on paper dresses, shoes and hats on them. Ruth decided^ to make a new plastic doll. The new doll looked like a real girl and was very beautiful. Its height was 29 centimetres. Ruth gave the doll her daughter’s name and other dolls of Barbie’s family got the names of Barbara’s other relatives. Barbie’s friend Ken got the name of Barbara’s brother and later Barbie’s sister Stacie got the name of Barbara’s real daughter. paper [ peipa] — бумажный 2 decide [dfsaid] решать i Familif Stories Ruth's children didn’t like Barbie and thought that the doll took their parents’ love away from them. Barbara asked her friends not to call her Barbie. When Barbara and Ken had their own^ families, they never bought Barbie and other dolls of Barbie’s family for their own children. b) Listen to the text and read it out loud. c) Tick (v) true, false, or not stated. True False Not stated 1. Ruth and Elliot Handler had a car company. 2. They had three children. 3. Ruth wanted to make a new beautiful doll for her daughter. 4. Ruth made the doll in 1959. 5. The doll got Ruth’s daughter’s name. 6. Barbie’s brother and sister got the names of Barbara’s brother and sister. 7. Barbie had the height of real Barbara. 8. Ken was a little bit taller than Barbie. 9. Real Barbara and Ken had a lot of children. 10. Barbara and Ken didn’t want to buy Barbie for their children. 7. *Tell the story of Barbie. 8. Write about your family. Use the words below. Useful Language ^ a husband, a wife - wives, an aunt, an uncle, a cousin, a relative, other, height Homework 1. Nos 2, 6b 2. Ex. 8. 3. Ex. 1—3. own [son] - собственный 1. Tell the class about your family. 2. a) Jenny has got a Russian friend Vanya. Imagine that you are Jenny. Look at the words and his picture below and describe the boy. Vanya Age: 11 years old, a student Height: 1 metre 40 centimetres Interests: books, computers, the school theatre b) Look at the pictures and guess what other interests Vanya has. c) Imagine that you are Vanya. Tell the class about your family. Use the words from the box on page 7. 3. a) Listen to the sentences, look at the pictures and guess the meaning of the new words. 1. A dog has got sharp teeth. 2. A parrot can talk. 3. A woman is planting flowers in the garden. 4. My cousin has got a new toy. He’s happy and he’s smiling. Family Stories b) Who has got sharp teeth? a crocodile a mouse a tiger (Неправильные формы множественного числа существительных) 4. а) Read and remember. Singular (единственное число) Plural (множественное число) a man [тзеп] мужчина men [men] a woman [Vumon] женщина women [Vimin] a policeman [po'liismon] policemen [po'liismon] a child [tjaild] children ['tjildron] a wife [waif] wives [waivz] a leaf [li:f] leaves [livz] a bookshelf ["bukjelfj bookshelves [' bukjelvz] a wolf [wulf] wolves [wulvz] a tooth [tn:0] teeth [ti:0] a foot [ftjt] feet [fi;t] a mouse [mans] мышь mice [mais] a sheep [Ji:p] sheep [Д:р] 2. b) Complete the sentences with the words in the plural form. 1. His are white, (a tooth) have eaten our apples, (a mouse) 3. These 4. Their are naughty, (a child) were happy, (a wife) 5. He had very big 6. He met two ... (a woman) ... . (a foot) in the park. 7. They didn’t see the . (a wolf) 8. It was spring and the ... on the trees were green, (a leaf) 9. How many has he got? (a sheep) , :a -if 9 5. а) Jenny’s sister Lucy and her friend Andrew are talking about a pet. Listen to them and guess what pet is in the box. b) Tell the class about Andrew’s pet. c) *Act out the dialogue. 6. Jenny has got three pets: a dog (Charlie), a cat (Tom), and a parrot (Ken). Make up sentences and learn what Charlie thinks about the family. ■ Molly / kind / in the family / cook for me. Molly Is the kindest in the family because she cooks for me J 1. Ben / a good friend / in the world / walk with me in the park 2. Jenny / beautiful / in the family / wear nice dresses. 3. Ann / a good doctor/ in the world / help me to stay healthy. 4. Mark / dirty / in the family / work with cars. 5. Fred and Paul / happy / in the family / always smile. 6. Lucy / naughty / in the family / hide my toys. 7. Tom / a lazy cat / in the world / (not) run after mice. 8. Ken / a funny parrot / in the world / can speak and sing! 9. I / sharp teeth / in the family / my relatives are wolves. 7. a) Read out loud. [ae] family, parrot. It's a parrot! [ai] wife, mice, smile. Mice can smile. [a:] Charlie, sharp. Cats have got sharp teeth. [i:] feet, leaves, sheep, teeth. Mice have got sharp teeth [u:] too, tooth. A baby has got one small tooth. [u] food, wolves, woman. She was a kind woman. [I] big, women. The women were nice. T*- " tv f • S : ^ b) Read the text and answer the questions. Fa mi I и Stones Parrobst Oan Be Your Parrots are nice and funny pets. There are 350 types of parrots in the worid. They are all different. Usually parrots live in warm countries, eat fruit and drink nectar from flowers, but there are other parrots, they like cold weather and snow. These strange parrots live in the mountains of New Zealand at the height of 3,000 (three thousand^) metres, where winters are cold and windy. They can find food under snow. In summer they eat fruit and flowers, but in winter they eat meat and often come to people’s houses to eat cakes and to drink Cola. Parrots can live more than 100 years and some of them can talk. The cleverest parrots can learn 100 words and put them in phrases. They can also do easy puzzles. Other animals cannot do this! *4 Parrots live in families and like to do things together. If they cannot ♦ see other parrots, they are very sad and may die^. If you are very busy and can’t play with your parrot, buy a second parrot or put a mirror in the cage®. This will make your bird happy! 1. Where do parrots live? 2. What do parrots eat? 3. How long can they live? 4. What can they do? (Other animals cannot do this!) 5. When are parrots sad? What can you do to make your bird happy? c) Listen to the text and read it out loud. V V 8. Write exercise 4b. Useful Language sharp, a tooth - teeth, a parrot, a woman women, to smile, a mouse - mice Homework 1. Nos 3a, 7c 2. Ex. 4a. 3. Ex. 1—3. thousand [^Gauzand] — to die [dai] - умирать a cage [кегф] — клетка тысяча Г\ -V 1. Listen to а limerick^ which Jenny read in a book, and learn it by heart. sO R There was a young lady of Niger, Who smiled as she rode® on a tiger. They returned^ from the ride With the lady inside And a smile on the face® of a tiger. 2. Lucy doesn’t go to school, but she’s very busy. She has a lot of things to do. Look at the pictures, listen to the sentences about Lucy’s busy day and guess the meaning of the new words. Lucy'В Day Lucy’s day begins at 8 am, when Lucy wakes up. \‘ » И * I I I % She always washes her face, brushes N \ teeth with к Я brushes hair toothbrush and morning. After that she brushes Charlie. She catches Ken in the afternoon. R-4 .• И «She pulls Tom’s tail in the evening. Ш • f Lucy pushes Tom into bed and goes to sleep. This is the end of Lucy's very busy day. a limerick = a short funny poem Niger ["naidjo] - Нигер (страна в Африке) rode [roud] - ехала returned [riTa.md] - вернулись a face [feis] - лицо 12 Familu Stories wake up — woke up — woken up catch — caught — caught begin began begun 3. Read out loud. [ae] parrot, began, catch, to catch a parrot; [u] put, pull, push, to pull the door, to push the door; [л] run, begun, brush, to brush teeth, to brush a dog; [э:] daughter, caught. The cat caught a mouse. [ei] day, wake, wake up. When do you usually wake up? [эи] go, woke, woken. They woke up at 8 am. [e] pets, end. This was the end of her busy day. 4. a) Yesterday was Sunday and Jenny’s family went to the zoo. Put the verbs in the sentences from Jenny’s diary (дневник) in the Past Simple and read about Jenny’s day in the zoo. Our day (begin) at 9.30 am when we (wake up). The weather (be) nice yesterday and we (go) to the zoo. Fred and Paul (look) happy and (smile) to all the girls in the zoo! Lucy (be) naughty as usual. She (give) bread to a monkey, (pull) a tiger’s tail, (brush) a polar bear and (catch) a parrot. She (laugh) loudly, (push) other children and (not want) to go home. I was happy when our day in the zoo (end) and we (come) back home. b) Here are the answers. What are the questions? 1. At 9.30 am. 2. To the Zoo. 3. Fred and Paul 4. A tiger's tail. О 5. A parrot. 6. Other children. 7. Jenny felt happy. 5. a) Lucy’s family are busy today. Choose the correct words and complete a note from Lucy’s mother. Say where Lucy’s family are going to be today and what Lucy must do at home. I > .,1 \ \\ Lucy! We are all Jenny's classes theatre. today. Your be at work. at chicken park, wash Tom, some meat don't show Molly Have soup lunch. After lunch walk with Charlie after walk. Give some milk Charlie and some fruit Ken. Be a • • • Tom catch pull end begin brush • • • Mummy 13 b) Lucy lost mummy’s note. Listen to what she is saying and choose (выбери) the correct answers (вариантов может быть больше одного). 1. Who did Lucy walk with in the park? a) her dog b) her cat c) her parrot d) Jenny 2. What did Lucy give Chariie for lunch? a) some meat b) some milk c) some fruit d) some soup 3. What did Lucy want to do with Ken? a) to give it some fruit. b) to wash it. 4. Lucy was ... after this busy day, a) sad b) tired c) to brush it. d) to puil its tail c) angry d) surprised 6. * Say what Lucy did wrong. Use the example. Lucy didn’t walk with the dog, she walked with the cat! 7. a) Vanya, Jenny’s friend from Moscow, also likes animals. He wants to know more about the history of zoos. Read the text _ _________________________________________________ * about zoos, which he found on the Internet, and say what zoos do for animals and for people. The History of Zoos People have always wanted to know more about animals. Very many years ago^ the Chinese Em-peror^ made the first zoo in his house. His peo-pie caught a iot of wild animals and the Emperor began to show them to his guests. The first European zoo opened its doors to peo-pie in Paris in 1793. The zoo was so popular, that other countries started to open zoos too. The first Russian zoo was in Moscow. The Moscow Zoo started to show animais to peopie in 1864. The first coiiection of animals was not big, the Zoo had 200 wild animals and 100 pets. The Russian Emperor and his relatives presented some ^ very many years ago [э"дэо] - очень много лет назад 2 Chinese Emperor [,tfai'ni:z ётрэгэ] - китайский император Familu Stories animals to the first zoo - an elephant, a zebra^ and other wild African animals. They also gave the zoo money. Russian zoologists bought wild animals from other zoos or caught them in different parts of the world and brought them to Moscow. Today there are a lot of animals in the Moscow Zoo. The zoo shows the animals to people, protects rare^ animals and also teaches people to love animals. b) Read true sentences aloud and correct false sentences. 1. The first zoo was in the house of the Chinese Emperor. 2. The first European zoo was in Great Britain. 3. The Moscow Zoo is the oldest in Russia. 4. The Russian Emperor and his family gave some animals to the Zoo as presents. 5. Russian zoologists never bought any animals from other zoos. 6. Today there are 200 wild animals and 100 pets in the Moscow Zoo. c) Listen to the text and read it out loud. 8. Say what you may and what you must not do in the zoo. Use the example and the phrases from the box. give food to animals ■ push other people ■ pull animals’ tails catch birds and wild animals ■ take pictures of animals throw different things to animals ■ throw rubbish cry loudly ■ look at wild animals walk 9. Write about Lucy’s busy day using the words below. Useful Language brush, to pull, to push, to catch caught caught. wake woke up woken up, to begin - began — begun, to end Homework 1. Nos 1, 2, 7c. 2. Ex. 9. 3. Ex. 1-3 ^ a zebra [ztbra] 2 rare [геэ] - редкий 15 1> Recite the limerick “A Young Lady of Niger 2. a) Sentence by sentence say what Jenny’s family did in the Moscow Zoo. b) Tell the class about your usual day: what you do in the morning, what you do in the afternoon, what you do in the evening. 3. a) Do you know who Gerald Durrell was? Look at the pictures, listen to the text and guess the meaning of the new words. of Oerald DurroTl Gerald Durrell (1925-1995) Gerald was the 7th of January, There were three boys and a girl in the family. youngest was happy. When Gerald became older, he travelled around the world to find animals for zoos and to make films about them. Gerald Durrell married wife 1951. Then he began write books about animals. because the family needed money. the British Island of Jersey. Familu Stories Gerald Durrell died many years ago, but his zoo has become very popular. Today more than one thousand (1000) different animals live in the zoo. b) Say what you learned about Gerald Durrell. become 4. a) Vanya is calling Jenny to tell her about Durrell and his zoo Listen to their talk and say ► where the Island of Jersey, the home of the zoo, is; ► why the zoo is unusual. b) *Act out the dialogue. The words from the box will help you. the Island of Jersey ■ Great Britain ■ France ■ rare animals visitors ■ to watch ■ to protect 5. Tell your friends about your last visit to the zoo. Use the words from the box. yesterday - вчера the day before yesterday - позавчера last year/month/week — в прошлом году/в прошлом месяце/ на прошлой неделе (употребляйте без предлога!) two days ago/a week ago/five years ago - два дня назад/ неделю назад/ пять лет назад 6. а) Read out loud. [ai] child, childhood, die, island, the Island of Jersey: [o:] short, born, was born; [0] thousand, many thousands of years ago; [g] garden, ago, a month ago, Greece, He died many years ago; [k] caught, become, became, scorpion, Corfu, His zoo became popular. 17 from “Му Family and Animals” and say why Gerald’s relatives were so angry. (After Gerald Durrell) Our new house on the island of Corfu was very big. There were a lot of animals in the house. I caught them and put them in the kitchen, in the bathroom, in the living room and in my bedroom. One day I found a mother scorpion with a lot of little babies on her back^. wanted to take them to my bedroom and watch them for some time, put them into a box and went to the dining room for lunch. The box with the scorpions was on the table in the living room. My brother Larry finished his lunch and went to the living room. He saw the box and opened it. The mother scorpion with the babies on her back jumped out of the box and began to climb Larry’s hand. Larry cried loudly. The scorpions ran to the dining room and Jumped onto the table. Now all my family began to cry and the baby scorpions hid in the dining room. I spent a lot of time looking for the scorpions under the carpet and be-hind the sofa. I found all of them and took them back to the garden. I was happy that no scorpion and no relative died! c) Listen to the text and read it out loud. 7. Choose the right endings and read the sentences. 1. Gerry caught the scorpions because a) he wanted to have a zoo at home. b) he wanted to watch them for some time. c) he wanted to protect them from death. 2. He wanted to take the scorpions a) to his bedroom. b) to the living room. c) to the bathroom. 3. The scorpions hid in the dining room a) when Larry started to cry. b) when Gerry came to the dining room for lunch. c) when all the family started to cry. 4. In the dining room Gerry found a) all the scorpions. b) some of the scorpions. c) the mother scorpion with the babies on her back ^ scorpions ['sko:pi9nz] 2 a back - спина скорпионы 18 family Stories 5. Gerry took the scorpions a) to his bedroom. b) back to the garden c) to the zoo. 8. Write 5 sentences, describing what you did yesterday or some other days. Use the phrases from the box in exercise 5. Useful Language ago, thousand, to be born, to die, to marry, childhood, to become — became — become, an island Homework 1. Nos 3a, 6c 2. Ex. 8. 3. Ex. 1—3. 1. On Sundays Jenny’s grandmother Molly usually makes gingerbread menh They are very tasty and the family enjoy them. There is an English poem about these cakes. Listen to it and learn it by heart. Gingerbreod t/Ёмп Smiling girls, rosy boys. Come and buy my little toys. Monkeys made of gingerbread And sugar horses painted red 2. Tell the story about Gerry and scorpions. Use the words from the box. to catch Щ to find ■ scorpions ■ the garden ■ to put ■ a box to see ■ to open ■ to jump out ■ to climb ■ Larry’s hand to begin ■ to cry ■ to hide ■ under the carpet ■ behind the sofa to die gingerbread [" (^incfeabred] men - имбирные пряники в форме человечков ' ■ -Л' ■ Еэ 3. а) Listen to the text, look at the pictures and guess the meaning of new words. Say what Ben and Jenny will do on Sunday. 3. After breakfast Charlie will bring a newspaper to Ben. ^ V NX 4. Ben will and 5. Jenny will get up late. She doesn’t go to school on Sundays. read the newspaper. He will feel happy. 6, Her mummy bring glass orange juice and a sandwich to her. After breakfast Jenny will read a book for two hours. She will feel happy. 20 Family Stories b) Read out loud. [cl*] glass, glasses, to bring a glass of juice, to put on the glasses; [з:] work, early, to get up early; [au] house, thousand, our, hour, for an hour, for three hours; [ju:] new, newspaper, to read a newspaper; [i:j read, feel, to feel hungry, to feel happy; [iq] spring, bring, to bring a newspaper; [ei] make, late, to get up late. 4. Put the verbs in the correct tense form. 1. Jenny usually (wake up) early. 2. Lucy .. 3. Charlie (catch) Ken yesterday. .. (bring) a newspaper to Ben and Ben (read) it now. 4. Jenny’s classes (begin) later than usually tomorrow. 5. Jenny 6. Ann . ■ Ш ■ (become) a student five years ago. (feel) tired today and (want) to sleep for an hour after lunch to feel felt felt to bring — brought — brought 5. a) Choose the correct words and read the sentences about Mike and John out loud. 1. Mike and John will wake up (early / late). 2. They will put on their ski (glasses / glass), warm Jackets, hats and trousers. 3. They will ski for three (hours / days). They will (feel / bring) tired. 21 b) Complete the sentences about Molly and Tom and read them out loud. Use the words from the box. Molly will get up She will eat breakfast and will go shopping for an She won’t put on her warm coat. She will buy bread, milk and some She will cold. Tom will get up It will ... hungry. Molly will ... some food to Tom. After breakfast Tom will play for three 6. Listen to Ann and Lucy, then read the sentences below choosing the correct words. Read the correct sentences out loud. It’s (seven / ten) o’clock in the morning. Lucy (wants / doesn’t want) to get up. Lucy (wants / doesn’t want) to go for a waik. Lucy wants to bring (glasses / a newspaper) to Ann. Л \ \ I 1 h 1'^ i I f 1 ' i 1 T • : I 7. Have you ever been to the Butterfly Gardens? Ann and Lucy decided (решили) to go there. Read an advertisement, which they found in a newspaper, and answer the questions below. Butterfly^ OardenB Opening hours: Open every day. 10:00 am - 6:00 pm (summer) 10:00 am - 4:00 pm (winter) Walk and watch tropical flowers and beautiful butterflies. Butterflies will sit on your head and arms and will want to make friends with you. Bring a camera and take pictures. You can give special food to butterflies. You can see how butterflies are born, how they become big and beautiful, how they dance, sleep, wake up and die. Buy tickets online or at the museum. i 1. Do the Butterfly Gardens work on Sunday? 2. What time do they close in winter? a butterfly fbAtaflai] - бабочка 22f Familu Stones 3. What can visitors do in the Gardens? 4. What can visitors see in the Gardens? 5. How can you buy tickets? 8. Write 3 sentences about your plans for Sunday. Use the plan: Useful Language a glass, glasses, early, late, an hour. a newspaper, to feel felt felt. to bring - brought - brought Homework 1. Nos 1, 3a 2. Ex. 7, 8. 3. Ex. 1—3 Lessons 6, 7 Home Reading 1. Recite the poem “Gingerbread Man 99 2. Molly feels bad today. Listen to Molly and Jenny and answer the question: “What will Jenny, Fred and Paul, Lucy and Molly do?” You will need this phrase to understand the text: to have a rest отдыхать 23 Present Simple Passive 3. a) Read the sentences and explain the difference (объясни разницу) between them. Say how Present Simple Passive is formed. Present Simple Active V. 1. Ben buys newspapers every morning. Бен покупает газеты каждое утро. 2. Му mum gives me а glass of milk every evening. Мама дает мне стакан молока каждый вечер. 3. Mark often cooks dinner. Марк часто готовит ужин Passive am / is / are + V, 1. The newspapers are bought (by Ben). Газеты куплены (Беном). 2. I am given a glass of milk every evening (by my mum) Мне дают стакан молока каждый вечер. 3. Dinner is often cooked by Mark. Ужин часто бывает приготовлен Марком. Ь) Complete the sentences with the verbs in the Passive form 1. Usually Molly cleans the kitchen. Today the kitchen Щ m Ш by Fred. 2. Usually Fred and Paul buy food. Today food by Ann. 3. Usually Ben reads newspapers. Today newspapers by Molly. 4. Usually Ann drinks coffee. Today coffee by Mark. 5. Usually Ann cooks dinner. Today dinner by Jenny. c) Choose the correct forms and read the sentences out loud. Today Molly feels bad. She must have a rest. The kitchen (cleans / Is cleaned) by Jenny. The food (is bought / are bought) by Fred and Paul. The milk (brings / is brought) by Lucy. Now Jenny (is cooking / Is cooked) dinner. FamHu Storks 4. Today is Lucy’s birthday. Look at the pictures and say what is done for the holiday and by whom it is done. to celebrate Lucy’s birthday is ceiebrated by her famiiy today. 1. to decorate, 2. to make, 3. to buy, 4. to write, 5. to invite 25 5. а) Vanya and his younger brother went to the Moscow House of Butterflies. Read what a guide told visitors about this place. Read out loud the sentence(s) about the fact which surprised you most of all. I i il I t r к i H- i ! 1 t Ч 1 il !; k L ^ f Г к f 1 The Moscow House of Butterflies opened in 2007 and became the first butterfly park in Russia. Today butterfly parks are opened in other cities of Russia too. In the Moscow House of Butterflies we have butterflies from different parts of the world. There are 18,000 butterflies in the world. In Russia there are more than 8,000 different butterflies. Most butterflies live in warm places, but there are butterflies which iive in the mountains at the height of 6,000 metres above sea. And some butterflies from Canada live not far from the North PoieM Their wings don’t have colour and they look like glass. Butterflies can see red, green, and yellow colours. If you wear a green, red or yellow dress, butterflies can sit on you and you can take a nice picture. In autumn butterflies, like birds, can fly long distances — four thousand kilometers to warm countries. There is a butterfly in Russia which flies from Yaroslavl to Africa in autumn and comes back in spring. We have the biggest butterfly in the world in the collection of the Moscow House of Butterflies. It is as big as a small bird. It flies at night and lives from one to three days. This butterfly doesn’t eat or drink, because it hasn’t got a mouth^. In our collection we also have the most beautiful butterfly in the world from the island of Madagascar^. b) Listen to the text and read it out loud. the North Pole ["пэ:0'рэо1] — Северный Полюс a mouth [mau0] - рот Madagascar [ maedo'gaesko] остров Мадагаскар 26 Familu Storks 6. In the House of Butterflies Vanya made some notes (заметки). Read them and speak about the Moscow House of Butterflies. Use his notes as a plan. i К 1 _« • » ■•1 The Moscow House of Butterflies. ► opened in 2007 ► the biggest butterfly in the world ► the most beautiful butterfly in the world Facts about butterflies. ► 18,000 butterflies in the world ► 8,000 butterflies in Russia ► live in different places, some look like glass can see three colours can fly long distances 7. Now you know what family holidays are celebrated in the USA. Write these sentences about American family holidays in your exercise book in the Passive form. 1. On Christmas the family always decorates the house and makes Christmas dinner. 2. In the USA American families celebrate Thanksgiving in November. 3. After dinner a lot of Americans watch American football on TV. 4. Before Christmas Americans buy a lot of Christmas presents. 5. People send postcards and give presents on Christmas and Thanksgiving. Homework 1. No. 5b. 2. Ex. 6, 7. ^ 3. Ex. 1—3. 1. a) Say what family holidays are celebrated in Russia. What is your favourite holiday and why? b) Say what is done and by whom in your family before the New Year. Use the example on page 25. H • :!ч. 27 IW 1 Past Simple Passive 2. a) Compare the sentences and explain the difference (объясни разницу) between them. Say how Past Simple Passive is formed. Past Simple Active Passive was / were + V3 1. Yesterday Molly wrote a 1. Yesterday a letter was letter to her friend. written (by Molly). Вчера Молли написала Вчера письмо было ПИСЬМО подруге. написано (Молли). 2. Yesterday Mark cooked a nice dinner. Вчера Марк приготовил прекрасный ужин. 2. Yesterday а nice dinner was cooked by Mark. Вчера Марком был приготовлен прекрасный ужин. 3. Yesterday Ben bought three newspapers. Вчера Бен купил три газеты. 3. Yesterday three newspapers were bought (by Ben). Вчера Беном были куплены три газеты. b) Match the parts of the sentences, name Passive forms and translate the sentences into Russian. h ■ 1. On Monday the kitchen 2. On Tuesday the tickets to the circus 3. On Wednesday two newspapers 4. On Thursday a nice dinner 5. On Friday homework 6. On Saturday a lot of cakes 7. On Sunday pictures of butterflies 8. Yesterday a glass of milk a) were read by Paul b) was cooked by Ben. c) were taken by Ann. d) was brought to Lucy" by Ann e) was done by Jenny. f) was cleaned by Mark. ^ g) were eaten by Lucy. h) were bought by Molly. 3. Listen to the sentences, look at the pictures and guess the meaning of the new words. Familu Stones I c The first Russian House of Butterflies The biggest butterfly in the world The smallest bird in the world (hummingbird - колибри) The Moscow House of Butterflies has the biggest butterfly in the world in its collection. It weighs 9 grams. Its weight is more than the weight of a hummingbird (2 grams), the smallest bird in the world. 4. Read out loud. a) [ei] eight, eighteen, weigh, weight. It weighed two grams; [ae] camera, stamp, happen, it happened in 1973; b) a mobile ['moubail] phone, a microscope ["maikroskoup]; c) 1837, 1886, 1935, 1590, 1913, 1959, 1927, 1795, 1936, 1840 5. a) Jenny’s uncle Willy is a TV reporter. His TV show for children is called “My Questions — Your Answers!”. Listen to the ^ ^ * text and say what famous people they are talking about. Martin Cooper Alexander Bell b) Listen to the text again, read the sentences below and choose the correct endings. The first telephone was made by (Mr Watson / Alexander Bell / Martin Cooper), it happened in (1786 / 1867 / 1876). The first sentence was said over the phone by (Mr Watson / Alexander Bell / Martin Cooper). The first mobile phone was made by (the Bell company / the Motorola company / the Martin Cooper company). It happened in (1973 / 1976 / 1983). It weighed (2 grams / 20 grams / 2 kilos). It could work from the batteries for (10 minutes / 20 minutes / 10 hours). 29 6. *а) Listen to uncle Willy, who is telling us when and by whom some very important things were made. Match the thing and the year. Some things and some years are not mentioned (не упомянуты) by uncle Willy! b) Tell the class what you’ve heard from uncle Willy, using the years given below. The first microscope was made in 1673. 1. the first microscope 2. the first TV set 4 the first pen r -.-.y a) 1837 b) 1886 3. the first computer 5. the first camera 6. the first fridge 7. the first car 8. the first stamp 9. the first Barbie doll c) 1935 d) 1673 e) 1913 f) 1959 g) 1927 h) 1795 i) 1936 j) 1840 ^.,v' ' M* . Vr rГ .i;. '. . «Лг* 7. a) Jenny’s brother Paul wants to be an engineer. He is interested in the history of computers. These are the questions from his diary. Read the text about computers and find answers to Paul’s questions. Read the answers out loud. 30 Fantilu Stories Paul's 1) Who made the first computer? 2) What did the first personal computer look like? 3) How much did the computer weigh in 1981? 4) When was the first computer mouse made? When did a computer win a chess match with a man? The Hisbory of Compuizers The very first computer was made in Germany in 1936. Its name was “Zl”. It was as big as a room. It was made by a German engineer Konrad Zuse. Konrad Zuse was born on June 22, 1910 in Berlin. He worked on his first computer in the evenings after work. “Zl” was made in his parents’ kitchen, when Konrad was only 26 years old. Konrad Zuse married his wife in 1945 and had five children. He opened his computer company and more than 200 of his computers were bought in Europe by other big companies. He always believed^ in the future of computers and said that one day computers could be cleverer than men. He died in 1995. Two years after his death a computer won a chess match with a man. It was very difficult to work on the first computers. Only special people (“operators”) could give commands and usually more than ten operators worked on one computer. The first personal^ computer was made in 1975. One person could work on it without the help of other people and the computer became much smaller - it could be put on a desk. It didn’t look like computers of today: it was a metal box without a monitor and a keyboard®. It weighed about 20 kilos. The first computer with a monitor and a keyboard was made in 1981. It weighed more than 10 kilos. The first computer mouse was made in 1964. It looked like a box and was much larger than The first personal computer Altair 8800 The first computer mouse today’s mouse. The first computer with a monitor and a keyboard Osborne 1 1 to believe [bi'li:v] 2 personal ["рз:8эпэ11 верить персональный ® a keyboard ["ki:bo:d] - клавиатура 31 b) Look through the text and say what happened in 1910, 1936, 1945, 1964, 1975, 1981, 1995, 1997. 4 c) Listen to the text and read it out loud. 8. Choose five things from the text in exercise 6a and write when they were made. Useful Language to weigh, weight, to happen Homework 1. Nos 3, 7c 2. Ex. 4, 8. 3. Ex. 1—3. 1. Do you remember who Konrad Zuse was? Speak about his life, using the plan. Bom: 22.06.1910, Berlin Family: married his wife in 1945, 5 children Job: an engineer, made the first computer in 1936, became famous Died: 1995 2. Work in pairs. Your family wanted to go to your relatives, who live in another town / city. At the bus station a man took your bag and ran away. A policeman wants to know what he looks like. Complete the policeman’s questions and answer them. Use the words from the box. Familu Stories i'. • What does he ...? • Is he ...? • Has he got ...? • What did he ...? tall short ■ dark / fair hair ■ eyes, ears glasses a shirt a coat a sweater trousers jeans a T-shirt ■ to wear a hat ■ to look like 3. Vanya and Peter are going to look at their family pictures. Listen to their conversation, look at the pictures and guess the meaning of the new words. Vanya: Let’s take these two photo albums. Hold this one in your right hand and that one in your left hand. Peter: Vanya, the album in my left hand is very thick, I can’t hold it Oh, it’s falling down! Vanya: Look at this photo. It’s our grandpa’s birthday party. It was held two years ago. Peter: I remember it. And who is this man with thick fair hair? fallen 4. Read out loud. [o:] call, fall, fallen. It’s falling down. [e] end, fell, held, left. The book is in my left hand [ai] night, height, right, his right hand. [эи] cold, hold. Hold it in your right hand. 3 DDmQG 5. a) Look at the first picture Vanya and Peter found in the album. Complete the sentences with the words on the right. This picture was taken many years ... . snow of ... down. The boys’ people ... . It’s winter, the look happy. There are a lot We can see a Russian space^ station in the picture. A lot of people in the picture famous engineers some years after the photo was taken. A lot of Russian sputniks and space stations by them. Grandfather Victor has got Vera is standing to the ... dark hair. Grandmother of him and Ш m Ш a baby in her hands. This baby is Victor and Vera’s daughter and Vanya and Peter’s mother! around become grandparents make other thick b) Look at the second picture on page 35. These are Vanya’s grandfather Victor and grandmother Vera when they were young. Describe what they looked like and what the weather was like. You may use the words from the box below. You also may use the words from the box in exercise 2. space - космос, космический 34 Family Stories ■f' September early around ■ weather autumn warm leaves lovely to fall sunny trees 6. Have you ever read books by Kenneth Grahame [" кепэ0' graehem] ? Read his short biography and say what you learned about him. Kennet;b Grahame (1859-1932) Kenneth Grahame was born in Scotland in 1859. His mother died when he was five years old and his father went to France when Kenneth was eight. His grandmother took Kenneth to her house in England. When Kenneth finished school, he began to work in the Bank of England. Later he began to write stories. His first books were about his childhood. His most famous book “The Wind in the Willows”^ was written for his son in 1908. The book became popular in many countries. 1 « The Wind in the Willows «Ветер в ивах» 35 I 7. a) Read the story and answer the questions. 1. Why did the caravan fall over on the road? 2. Why wasn’t Toad angry with the car on the road? 3. What did Toad do the next day? 4. Why were Toad’s friends angry with him? The Wind in ±he Willows^ (After Kenneth Grahame) Part I The four animals in the story are good friends. Toad loves cars and often gets into difficult situations. Badger, Rat and Mole always help him. One day Toad bought a little red and yellow caravan to travel around the world. There was a kitchen, little beds, books, games and food in it. Toad was in love with the caravan. He took his friends and started in the afternoon. The weather was fine - warm sun, but not too hot. Mole was in front with the horse, which pulled the caravan, and the others walked behind the caravan. Suddenly^ they saw a car in front of them. The car went very quickly. The horse was afraid^ of the car and pulled the caravan off the road. The caravan fell over and was broken®. But Toad wasn’t angry. He sat on the road and looked happy. “I don’t want to see this caravan again,” said Toad. “Caravans are not interesting. Cars are the most beautiful things in the world.” The friends came home late in the evening and were very tired. Toad Жаба Badger [^Ьзег^э] Барсук Rat Мышь Mole Крот 1 suddenly - вдруг 2 was afraid [a'freid] ® to break - broke - - испугалась broken - ломать Familu Stories The next day, Toad caught an early train to London. There he bought a big 3^d very beautiful car! Toad was a risky driver^ and he broke a lot of cars, -tis friends were angry with him and asked him not to drive cars again. One day Toad had iunch in a small cafe and saw a black car near the :afe. It was a beautiful new car! Toad walked around it for a long time. ~hen he opened the door and got into the car... b) Can you guess what happened next? c) Listen to the story and read it out loud 8. Bring a photo of your relative and describe him / her (write 5 sentences). Useful Language to hold held held, to fall fell fallen. right, left, thick Homework 1. Nos 3, 7c 2. Ex. 4, 8. 3. Ex. 1—3. 1 a driver водитель ■ Л . --C" . -•.P I-.. 37 ■'Bf DDmQG 1. Look at the pictures and retell the first part of the story “The Wind in the Willows 99 ’ ’’ ' ,r 38 FamiJu Stories Future Simple Passive 2. a) Compare the sentences and explain the difference between them. Say how Future Simple Passive is formed. Future Simple Active will + Vi Passive will be + V3 1. My parents will buy me nice birthday presents. Родители купят мне хорошие подарки на мой день рождения. 1. Nice birthday presents will be bought for me (by my parents). Ha мой день рождения будут куплены хорошие подарки (моими родителями). 2. 1 will invite my friends to my birthday party next week. Ha следующей неделе я приглашу своих друзей на день рождения. 2. Му friends will be invited to my birthday party next week (by me). Ha следующей неделе мои друзья будут приглашены на мой день рождения (мной). b) Put the verbs in the Future Simple Passive and read the sentences. 1. Next month new butterflies (bring) to the Butterfly Gardens 2. You (wake up) early tomorrow. 3, Some wild animals 4. My birthday party (catch) on the island next year, (hold) next Sunday. 5. These mice (weigh) by zoologists. 3. Imagine what life will be like in 2050. Say what new things will be made and how they will change people’s life. A new fridge will be made. It will cook dinner. 4. Jenny is calling Vanya. Listen to what they are talking about and say: ► what Jenny is going to do on Sunday: ► what will happen in jenny’s school next month; ► what Jenny is going to write; ► to whom a prize will be given. 5. Complete the sentences and read Vanya’s e-mail to Jenny. eoe : • fflflt «■ г. «• - 4« From f Vanya To: Jenny КФлт^ттт'Л.^^ celebrated / celebrated) our asked was asked Hi, Jenny! We (will celebrate grandfather’s birthday next week. Yesterday asked) by my parents to help with the presents. I wanted to buy a useful thing. A sweater or a beautiful pen. But I (am learning / learn / have learned) today that a sweater for grandpa (bought / was bought / has bought) by my cousin Mike a week ago. And I don’t think that a pen will be a good present, because he has already got a lot of other pens. I think that my grandpa will be happy to get a present which (will make / made / will be made) by me. But what can it be? 1 liked your idea of a story. I (write / will write/ will be written) story about my grandpa and grandma. I (saw / have seen / will see) an old photo of them with the first sputnik last week. I’m sure I can write an interesting story about their work. So a funny story or a serious story (write / will write / will be written) for them. best Vanya 6. What will Vanya write in his story? Give your ideas. 7, a) Read the second part of the story “The Wind in the Willows” and put the sentences (or parts of the sentences) below in the correct places in the story. Then listen to the story and check yourself (проверь себя). A. He tried to swim, but he was too tired. B. because he took the car which wasn’t his. C. He started the car quickly and the car with Toad wasn’t seen in a minute. D. It was his friend Ratty. He pulled Toad into his holeb E. because they wanted to bring him to the police station. The Wind in -the Willowisr (After Kenneth Grahame) Part II One day Toad had lunch in a small cafe and saw a black car near the cafe. It was a beautiful new car! Toad walked around it for a long time. ^ a hole нора Family Stories Then he opened the door and got into the car. He didn’t think. He oniy wanted to be in the car. (1) ... But the poiice caught Toad. Next day, he was sent to a prison^ for twenty years (2) ... After some days in prison, Toad put on a woman’s dress and ran away. He walked along the road for an hour and began to feel tired. Suddeniy he heard a car behind him. He sat on the road and watched the car. When the car was near him, he remembered it - it was the black car, which was near the cafe! Toad ran quickiy. There were two men in the car and they also remembered Toad and ran after him, (3) ... The two men from the car were near Toad now and wanted to catch him. Suddenly Toad fell into the river near the road. (4) ... Then a hand pushed him out of the water, and Toad heard: ‘Good morning, Toad. What are you doing here?’ (5) ... b) Say what happened to Toad in the story. c) Listen to the story again and read it out loud. 8. Write about your plans for the next month (5 sentences). Use Future Simple Passive. Homework 1ВПКЯ 1. No. 7. 2. Ex. 2, 8 3. Ex. 1—3 4. Project: You are going to take part (принять участие) in a story telling competition. Write a funny story which happened to you, your reiative or your friend (6—8 sentences). Jim 1. a) Listen to Jenny’s stories about her pets Charlie and Ken and say who gave commands to the dog in her family. You’ll need this word to understand the stories: a key [ki:] — ключ. V-^ 1 a prison ["prizan] - тюрьма • • ‘S b) Listen to the first story and answer the questions below. • What happened to Charlie two months ago? • What did Jenny’s father hear when he came home? • Why was the dog tired at the end of the day? ■- \ - X ^ й * - • c) Listen to the second story and answer the questions below. • What did Jenny’s mother say to the engineer? • What did the dog / parrot do, when the engineer came? • Why did the man become angry? • What did the parrot say to the dog? • What did the dog do? 2. * Retell (перескажи) Jenny’s stories. Use the questions above like a plan. 3. Put the verbs in brackets (в скобках) in the Passive forms, read the sentences out loud and translate them into Russian. 1. A wolf (catch) in the forest two days ago. 2. A school party (hold) at 5 pm next Saturday. 3. Kate 9 am. (wake up) by her mother early tomorrow, so we can call her at Ilia 4. Every morning food ... (weigh) here and then given to the animals in the zoo. 5. Your tea ... (bring) to you in a minute. 6. The ball ... (push) under the sofa and we couldn’t find it for two hours. 42 ii... FamiJu Stories 4. Read the information beiow and speak about Johanna Spyri. Johanna Spyri ([jo'hana'Jpi:ri]), a Swiss^ writer Born: 12 June 1827, in Switzeriand^ Childhood: lived in the Alps^ Job: a writer, became famous for books about children, the most famous book — “Heidi”, 1872, translated into English, very popular in Great Britain Family: a husband and a son Died: 1901, Switzerland 5. a) Read a story about Heidi and say why Heidi felt bad in a big city. Heidi (After Johanna Spyri) There was a Swiss girl Heidi. She lived in the mountains with her grandfather, because her parents died, when she was very little. Her other relatives were very busy and didn’t want to take her. In summer the sun was hot and the sky was blue in the mountains, there were a lot of trees and flowers around and Heidi liked it. In winter white snow fell down on the mountains, and Heidi liked it too. One day Heidi’s aunt came to the grandfather’s house. She took Heidi to Frankfurt to live in Mr Seemann’s family together with Clara she was Mr Seemann’s daughter. The girls became good friends quickly. Clara was very kind and clever, but she was not very healthy and couldn’t walk. Heidi wanted to make Clara happy. ^ Swiss - швейцарский 2 Switzerland ['switsalsnd] -® the Alps - Альпы (горы) Швейцария 43 V V One day she went for a walk and saw nice kittens^ in a big basket^. The basket was held by an old man. Heidi liked the kittens and asked the man to bring them to Mr Seemann’s house. Next day a big basket was brought to Clara’s room. The girl was surprised. She opened the basket and six little kittens began to jump out of it and run around. Clara looked at them and smiled happily. But Clara’s teacher became very angry with Heidi, because she didn’t like cats or other animals. In an hour all the kittens were caught and taken away. After some time Heidi felt bad. She couldn’t see blue sky and green trees in the city. She wanted to go back to her grandfather to be healthy again. She often said to Clara: “I need the mountain air, tall trees and green grass to be happy. I’m sure you will also feel better in the mountains!" When Heidi came back to her grandfather, Clara came to see her. The girls spent a month together in the mountains. At the end of the month Clara felt much better and began to walk. b) Here are the answers. Make the questions. 1 '> 2 ^ 3 In the mountains, in her grandfather’s house. Because her parents died, when she was very little. Heidi’s aunt. 4. ...? — Mr Seemann’s daughter. 5 ? She saw nice kittens in a big basket. 6. ...? — They began to Jump out of the basket and run around 7 8. ...? 3. ...? Because the woman didn’t like cats and other animals. Clara came to see Heidi. After a month in the mountains. c) Listen to the story and read it out loud. 6. *Tell Heidi’s story to the class. Use your questions in exercise 6b as a plan. 7. Project: “A Story Telling Competition”. ^ kittens -2 a basket котята - корзина Family Stories 8. * Let’s play. a) Put the letters in the correct order and learn what five animals are the cleverest on our planet. eonmyk b) Find hidden family words (p. 46). The words can be upwards, downwards, across, backwards or diagonal. The first word is done. Family Quiz r 1. She is three years older than me. She is my sister! 2. He is my parents’ son, but not me. He is my ... . 3. This is my mum! 4. This is my dad! 5. This is my mum’s sister’s husband. He is my ... . 6. This is my dad’s brother’s wife. She is my ... . 7. This is my dad’s brother’s son. He is my ... . 8. He’s my mum’s dad. He is my ... . 9. She’s my dad’s mum. She is my ... . 10. She’s my parents’ ... . 45 • Ptfl н- •; I *К\ч *■• f A A M D N A R G C В N S J W R S Z G R u D G 1 G E J L E N R S R L S H К H C C E T A U N T T L H 0 T R N T Z 0 E F D u H W D К M R D R L s G H P D и В L S A 1 U F A R E H T A F N A S 0 P E 0 F К В C D 2. Ex. 1-3. Lesson 13 Lessons 14, 15 Lessons 16, 17 Test 1 Reserve Home Reading 46 ’k*. ^ 1. а) Emily is from Bristol, UK. She is 12. She’s speaking to her Russian friend Vanya on the phone and telling him about schools in Britain. Listen to the dialogue and guess the meaning of the new words. Emily: Hi, Vanya, how are you? Vanya: Hello, Emily. I'm fine. And you? Emily: Me too. I’ve got new school uniform. We wear a white blouse and a dark-blue skirt in secondary school. Do you have a uniform? Vanya: No, I don’t, but in some schools students have it. Emily: Is school free and compulsory in Russia? Vanya: Yes, it is. We have a very interesting life at school. And how is your school life planned? Emily: In primary and in secondary school we have six terms a year. After a term there’s a break. We start in September and end in July. b) Look at the cards and say what you’ve learned about schools in Great Britain. What kind of school didn’t Emily tell Vanya about? Tell the class about this school. Secondary School CoMege / eth Form yd ✓ Primary School Free and compulsory 16-18 Age 11-16 Free and compulsory Start Age 5-11 End - July September - jy/y iiV - September Terms - 6 StaH - September Terms - 6 End - Jb'V UnZm - compulsory Uniform - compulsory Uniform - not in all schools nv 47 2. Vanya wrote an e-mail to Emily. Fill in the gaps with the words from the box and read the letter. a break a term compulsory a uniform to end free a life primary secondary 00O From ^ Vanya To: Emily Hi, Emily, School ... in Russia is very interesting. Children go to ... school at the age of 7. School is also ... in our country. School is not only lessons and homework but also best friends, clubs and excursions. At the end of each ... my class visits some famous places in Russia. I go to ... school and my school day begins at 8 o’clock. Usually we have six les- sons. Each lesson is 45 minutes and after it we have ♦ ♦ ♦ We wear ♦ ♦ ♦ at school - dark skirts and blue blouses for girls and dark trousers and blue shirts for boys. The lessons ♦ ♦ Ф at two o’clock. Then we go home or to a club. There are a lot of school clubs and they are pictures of my school. Bye-bye, Vanya Ф ♦ ♦ Sending you some 3. Work in pairs. Peter from Russia and Kate from Great Britain meet at a summer camp. They speak about their schools. Act out their dialogue. Kate: Hello, Peter! What school are you at? Peter: I’m in secondary school. And you? The School World 4. Read out loud. [ai] fine, primary, life, school life; [ei] make, break, a lunch break; [i:] meet, free, free school clubs; [л] fun, compulsory, compulsory school; [ju:] music, uniform, school uniform; [з:] work, term, the third term. 5. a) Read the words and guess their meaning. Biology [bai'obrfei], Chemistry ['kemistri], Physics ["fiziks]. Geography [cfei"ogrofi], History ["histori]. Information Technology [mfa'meifn tek'nobcfei] b) Emily sends Vanya a leaflet (буклет) about her school. Read the text and say: ► what kinds of schools there are in Clifton College; ► what school clubs there are at the college. c) Listen to the text and read it out loud. You will need these words to understand the text. Butcombe ['Ьл1клт] School - начальная школа Prep (Preparatory) School - подготовительная школа Upper School - старшие классы CliftoTi College Clifton College was opened in 1875 and is the oldest college in Bristol. It was built in 1862. It is near Bristol Zoo Gardens on Clifton Park Road. It has three school levelsk Butcombe age 3-8; Prep (Preparatory) School age 8-13; Upper School age 13-18. In Butcombe children learn English, French, Music and do Sports. The school starts at 8.30 am and ends at 3.30 pm. But children can come at 8 am and be at school till 4 pm. There are a lot of after school clubs — Theatre Groups, Dance and Music. In Prep School 400 girls and boys study together. They learn English, French, German, Spanish, Maths, Science, Literature and Physical Education. After classes they go to different clubs: Baseball, Tennis, Glass Painting, Preparatory School level [ levl] уровень Art and Drama, Mountain biking, Gymnastics and Scottish dancing. In Upper Schooi students have a lot of subjects. Some of them are compulsory and some are not. rr Compulsory subjects are English, Mathematics, \ \ -' r Upper schooi Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Geography, History, Information Technoiogy, Art, Drama, Music, PE. French, German, Spanish, Latin, Chinese are not compuisory, you choose them if you like. There is a tutorial system^ in the college. A tutor^ is a teacher who has a group of 10 students and helps them study. The tutor helps them do their homework, choose out of school clubs, make friends with other students. Parents can talk to tutors at parents’ meetings. If you are interested in Clifton College you can find all the information at http:/www.cliftoncollegeuk.com. 6. Tick true, false or not stated. True False Not stated 1. Clifton College is opened at 8.30. 2. Classes begin in Butcombe at 9.00. 1 3. They end at 3.30. 4. 800 students study in Prep School. 5. In Clifton College there are more girls than boys. 6. Students study English, Maths, Geography and PE in Prep School. 7. English, Mathematics, Biology, Chemistry, Physics are compulsory in Upper School. 8. A tutor is a student who studies in a group of 10 students. 9. The tutor can talk to students’ parents when he visits their houses. 1 tutorial system [tju:"t3:ri3l 'sistam] система обучения с помощью отдельных консультантов 2 а tutor ['tjuts] наставник, руководитель группы The School World 7. Look through the text on page 49 and say at what age students go to Butcombe, to Prep School and to Upper School. And what about schools in Russia? Compare the subjects you study with the subjects in Prep School in Bristol. 8. Write 5—6 sentences about your school. Useful Language a break, compulsory, free, a life, primary, secondary, a term, uniform Homework 1. Nos 1, 5c 3. Ex. 2. Ex. 8. 1. You want to study in a British school. Look at the pictures on pp 49—50 and ask your classmates, students of Clifton College, different questions about it. Then describe Clifton College. 2. Look at the advertisements and say what information you can get from them. J- I I \ - niew clab T 1 1 щи i 1 6eii i \ I — 3. Work in pairs. One of you is a student and the other is a journalist. The journalist wants to make a TV programme about your school. Make up a dialogue and act it out. The following questions will help you. ► What is your school number (name)? ► How many terms a year do you have? ► What subjects do you study? ► What is your favourite subject? 51 How many school breaks do you have? When do they start and end? When do you have holidays? 4, a) Have you ever heard about Bodleian [ bod lion] library? Listen to Emily and Vanya’s conversation and guess the meaning of the new words. Emily: Vanya, do you know what Bodleian library is famous for? Vanya: I know that Bodleian library is the oldest in Oxford and the second largest in Britain. It was opened in 1602. Have you already read why it is called so? Emily: Yes, I have. Sir Thomas Bodley was fond of collecting books and helped the library. He gave a lot of books and money. Vanya: Are there any books in foreign languages in the library? Emily: Of course. Students from al! over the world use these books or their electronic copies. *b) Tell a friend about Bodleian library. V (verb) + -ing = -ing form He was fond of collecting books. Oh любил коллекционировать книги. Dancing is a good way to have fun. Танцы — хороший способ не скучать. 5. а) Match the parts of the sentences and translate them into Russian. 1) Playing tennis is 2) Cycling is 3) Eating green food is 4) Katya goes skating 5) My cousin began drawing 6) Dima enjoys 7) Jane is fond of 8) Students like a) when she was 5. b) going to different school clubs c) dangerous^ in rainy weather. d) good for your health. e) a good way to keep fit. f) learning foreign languages. g) playing hockey. h) on the river in winter. dangerous ['dein(^(3)r9s] опасный The School World b) Do you know your classmates’ hobbies? Talk to your classmates and learn about their hobbies. Find out how many students have the same hobby. The following words will help you. learning foreign languages reading short stories drawing funny pictures ■ playing computer games ■ taking photos of birds ■ watching comedies ■ listening to Scottish music collecting posters ■ doing sports ■ dancing 6. Listen to the text about Woodlands Junior School and put the titles below in the order (в последовательности) given in the text. Would you like to study in this school? Why? ► School Uniform. ► School Computer Site. ► Facts about the School ► School Clubs. Woodlands Junior School 7. a) Read out loud. [ai] life, library, the oldest library: [ju:] uniform, use, use the information: [d] strong, foreign, a foreign student. b) Read the text and find the information about ► who opened the school: ► when it was opened. One of ЬНе Oldest Schools in Russia Hi, Jenny! How are you? Sorry for not writing to you for so long. I have a busy life now. Every week we have a lot of different activities: organizing concerts for children, making school newspapers, getting ready for the School Autumn Festival and, of course, much homework to do. I study In one of the oldest schools In Russia and I'm very proud of it! My school Is gymnasium 1 named after V. Belinsky. It was opened in 1786 the order^ of Catherine II, the great Russian empress^ My school is a historical monument, we study in the building where famous Russian writers Belinsky and Lazhechnikov studied. 1 order ["o:d9] - указ 2 empress f'empras] - императрица 53 QDmBQ We have a lot of subjects: Russian, Literature, History, Geography, Maths, Science, Art, Music and PE. We study different foreign languages English, French and German. Every summer students go to International language camps. There is a big library in our school and we can find everything for our lessons there. Some of the subjects are compulsory and some we can choose. There are a lot of clubs in my school: a Sports Club, a Dance Club, a Drawing Club, a Music Club and a Computer Club. As you know, my hobby Is drawing and I go to the Drawing Club. Look at the photo. The students are wearing school uniform. It's compulsory in our school. You asked me about the school system in Russia, so we have elementary school (age 7-10), middle school (age 11-15) and senior classes (age 16-17). The school year begins on the 1st of September and ends on the 31st of May. There are four terms in a year and we have holidays after each term. Write to me about your school. Do you like studying? Good luck, Vanya c) Answer the questions. 1. Why is Vanya’s life so busy? 2. Why is Gymnasium 1 a historical monument? 3. What famous people studied at Gymnasium 1? 4. What are compulsory subjects in Vanya’s school? 5. What clubs are there in Vanya’s school? 6. What schools are there in Russia? 8. Write 5—6 sentences about your school library. Useful Language foreign, a library, to use, elementary school, middle school, senior classes Homework 1. No. 4a. 2. Ex. 8. 3. Ex. 1—3. The School World 1. What are your favourite subjects? How many times a week do you have them? Think of your own timetable and write it in your Workbook, compare it with your classmates’. 2. a) Vanya spent a year at a school in the USA. Now Vanya and his friend Katya are looking at his photos. Listen to their conversation and guess the meaning of the new words. Katya: Why are you wearing different clothes at school? Vanya: There is no uniform in the USA. You can wear what you like. There is a large room for coats and clothes you don’t need in class. Katya: I’m Interested In American school system. Was it difficult to study in the USA? Vanya: Yes, it was. It is not like in our school there. Students take exams when a term is over. I took exams twice a year. Katya: Did you study in a secondary school? Vanya: No. They have elementary, middle and high schools in the USA I was in a middle school. b) Answer the questions. 1. Is there a school uniform in the USA? 2. What is Katya interested in? 3. When do American students take exams? 4. How many times a year did Vanya take his exams? 5. What schools are there in the USA? 3. Read the sentences and correct the mistakes. At the age of 7 children go to middle school. You can’t wear different clothes in American schools. After elementary school students go to high school. Katya is interested in British school system. In every school there is a cloakroom where books are put In Russia pupils take exams after every term. When the lesson is over, students can’t have a break. Michael is 16, he goes to elementary school. 55 4. Look at the cards and speak about the USA schools. Elementary Schwl Free and compulsory AffP 6—Ю Age 6 Start End Terms Uniform September ■ 1 1 ■ ,, M'gh School Ze S! . ,1: June 2 not compulsory Middle School Free and compulsory Age 11—14 Start End -Terms September June Start End -Terms Unifo September June 2 rm not compulsory "If” Sentences If Katya goes to the USA, she will visit the Statue of Liberty. Если Катя поедет в США, она посетит Статую свободы. 5. а) Using the example above, make up sentences and translate them into Russian. If students (go) to the USA, they (watch) street dances. (visit) the National Museum, (play) baseball. (eat) American food. (see) Washington Monument, (visit) Disneyland. b) Say what you will do on Sunday in good weather and in bad weather if you go to the UK, Australia, Canada or New Zealand. Then write your sentences in the exercise book. 6. a) Read out loud. [e] end, elementary, elementary school; [i] difficult, different, middle, middle school; [ai] shine, hide, high, high school; [gz] exotic, exam, to take school exams. b) Read what Vanya told Katya about Whitby School and answer the questions. Then listen to the text and read it out loud. ► How many subjects do students have in Whitby? ► What schools are there in Whitby? The School World V\Thi±by Sdhool Whitby School was built in 1958. This is an international school. Students from 40 countries come to study there. The school is in Greenwich\ not far from New York City. Whitby is a private school. There are 8 classes in it: 6 classes in elementary school and 2 classes in middle school. Then students go to high school and study there for 4 years, but Whitby doesn’t have a high school. There are different groups of subjects in this school. There is the World of Languages where Spanish is compulsory and you can choose between French and Chinese. Students study language and culture together. In Cultural Studies we learned History and Geography. Language Arts was WILDCATS like Literature in our country. Science like Physics, Biology and Chemistry. Some students go to music classes and they stay after school for practice. This is a usual day in Whitby middle school: Timetable Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday 8.15 Come to school 8.25 Meet the tutor 8.35 Spanish Science Maths Spanish Maths 9.40 Cultural Studies Language Arts Cultural Studies Language Arts Cultural Studies 10.45 Maths Art Science Art Science 11.45 Lunch 12.45 Language Arts World of Language Language Arts World of Language Language Arts 1.50 Science Language Arts Spanish Cultural studies Spanish 2.55 Art Spanish Art Maths Art 3.55 World of Language Maths World of Language Science World of Language The school is over The school symbol is a Wildcat. There are a lot of school sports clubs and festivals in Whitby. The system of grades^ is very interesting. Students get A, B, C, D or E grade. Russian 5 is A, Russian 4 is В and Russian 3 is C. If students have D or E, they will study the year again. ^ Greenwich Fgrenitj] 57 7. а) Choose the correct answer according to the text 1. Whitby School is situated ... a) in New York b) in Greenwich c) in London 2. Students from ... foreign countries study there. a) fifty b) thirty c) forty 3. The ... language is compulsory in Whitby. a) Spanish b) French c) Chinese 4. Students learn ..... in Cultural studies. a) English and Literature b) History and Literature c) History and Geography 5. They study ... in Science. a) Maths and Physics b) Physic, Biology and Chemistry c) Geography and Biology 6. The symbol of the school is .... a) a wildcat b) an eagle c) a bear 7. There are grades in the USA. a) 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 b) from 1 to 10 c) A, B, C, D, E 8. Students will if they have D or E a) study the year again b) go to the next class c) go to another school b) Look at the timetable on page 57 and answer the questions 1. When does a school day begin / end in Whitby? 2. How long is a lesson there? 3. How long are the breaks between lessons? a grade [greid] - оценка The School World 4. How long is the lunch break? 5. How many times a week do children have Spanish / Cultural Studies / Maths / Language Arts / Science / Art / World of Language? 8. Write exercise 5b (4—5 sentences). Useful Language clothes, a high school to he interested in (school system) соваться (школьной системой) to be over -to take exams интере заканчиваться - сдавать экзамены twice а year - два раза в год Homework 1. No. 2а. 2. Ex. 6b, 8 3. Ex. 1—3. 1. Work in pairs. You are calling to Whitby School and want to know everything about it. A secretary answers your questions. Act out a dialogue. I’d like to get some information Student: Hello, my name is ... . about your school. Secretary: Good morning, what would you like to know? 2. *Work in groups. A group of foreign students has come to visit your school. They ask you different questions about your school and your school life. Choose the roles and act out the conversation. 3. Vanya is telling Katya about his everyday exercises. Listen to him and guess the meaning of the new words. I’m training hard every day. Next year I’m going to study in a British summer school and I want to join the Boys’ Brigade. I’ve read a lot about them. They go hiking and camping every weekend. But you must be in a good physical shape to get there. There are a lot of sports competitions too. If I’m lucky, I’ll spend two weeks in a camp with them. 4. Answer the questions. Have you ever taken part in any competitions? What kind of competitions were they? What competitions are held in your school? What are the most famous competitions in the world? Have you ever gone hiking or camping? Where? With whom? 5. Jenny and Vanya are planning their winter holidays in Russia. Read the dialogue below and put the verbs in brackets in the correct form. If the weather is warm, we’ll go skating. Vanya: If the weather (be) warm, we (go) to the zoo. Jenny: But if the weather (be) cold, we (visit) a museum or a gallery. Vanya: If Dima (come), we (go) skating to the river. Jenny: But if Dima (not come), we (go) skating to the skating-rink. Vanya: If we (go) to the zoo, I (see) a real Russian bear. Jenny: If we (not go) to the zoo, we (go) to the circus and see a real bear skating there. 60 ■ The School World 6. a) Read out loud. [ei] lake, train, train hard; [I] winner, competition, winter competitions; [ae] capital, camp, summer camp, to go camping; [ai] climb, find, hike, to go hiking. b) anchors f'aeokoz] «якоря» (малыши) juniors f(feu:ni3z] seniors ['si:ni3zl • младшая группа старшая группа company ["клтрэш] amicus femikos] — приятели друзья 7. а) Read the text and find information about: ► the man who started the Boys’ Brigade organization in Britain; ► the age groups in the Boys’ Brigade; ► awards^ in the Boys’ Brigade. Boyst' Brigade The Boys’ Brigade (BB) is an international organization for young peopie. It was started by William Alexander Smith in Glasgow in 1883. Now the BB is popular all around the world. In 2010 there were 500,000 Boys’ Brigade members in 60 countries. There are five different age groups in the BB: In Anchors Juniors -Company Seniors -Amicus - - 4 to 8 years - 8 to 11 years - 11 to 15 years - 15 to 18 years - 15 to 22 years. Australia there are only three sections: Anchors Juniors Seniors 5 to 7 years 8 to 11 years 12 to 18 years. Seniors have 2 groups based on age 12-14 Alpha and 15-18 Omega. Each section in the Boys’ Brigade has awards that boys can get by doing different tasks. The Anchors can get awards for Projects and Sports. They can make a project for cleaning a park or winning sports competitions. Children are trained to be healthy, strong and brave. The Juniors can get bronze, silver and gold awards, by going hiking and camping, living in the forest for some time, working with nature and protecting their iife and their friends. Company shouid get five badges^ — Interests, Adventure®, Leaders, Physical and Friends. They ^ an award [9'wo:d] - награда 2 a badge [bae(^] - значок an adventure [od'ventjb] приключение 161 2 teach younger boys swimming, putting up a tent, making a fire, cooking on a fire. The Brigade’s highest award is the Queen’s Badge. b) Tick true, false or not stated. True False Not stated 1. The Boys’ Brigade was started in 1883. 2. There are children from sixteen countries. 3. The Boys’ Brigade gets awards by helping other people. 4. Juniors get awards by hiking and camping. 5. Company boys don’t teach younger boys. 6. The Brigade’s highest award is the Queen’s Badge. 7. The Boys’ Brigade is the oldest organization for children. c) Listen to the text “Boys’ Brigade” and read it out loud. 8. Write 5—6 sentences about one of your school clubs. Here are the beginnings of the sentences. 1. I go to ... . 2. My school has ... clubs 3. Children learn ... . 4. I’m fond of ... . 5. Every club meets ... times a month 6. They can take part in ... . Useful Language a camp, a competition, to train to go camping — жить в палатках to go hiking - ходить в поход to take part in competitions — участие в соревнованиях принимать I’d like to Мне бы хотелось... Homework 1. Nos 3, 7c 2. Ex. 8. 3. Ex. 1-3 The School World Tell your classmates p. 61 will help you. Brigade, the pictures on 2. Vanya is telling his English friend Emily about some youth school organizations in Russia. Listen to their conversation and guess the meaning of the new words. Emily: Vanya, do you have the Boys’ Brigade in Russia? Vanya: No, we don’t. But there are some organizations for young people in Russia, too. Emily: Can you explain to me how they work? Vanya: In summer a lot of camps for children are opened from the east to the west and from the north to the south of Russia. Emily: What do they do there? Vanya: They organize different sports activities for children, teach them to put up tents fast, go hiking and go camping. I can send you my composition about them which I wrote for the school project. 3. Complete the sentences with the new words from the dialogue 1. Emily got 5 for her 2. Kaliningrad is to the 3. Cardiff is to the ... about schools in Britain, of Moscow. ... of London. 4. Siberia is in the ... of Russia. 5. They to us what types of schools there are in New Zealand 6. Information travels very 7. The Black Sea is in the today, of Russia. 4. *Work in pairs. Act out the dialogue in exercise 2 5. a) Read out loud. [I] history, composition, a school composition; [cl] carpet, fast, to write fast, to move fast; [ei] state, place, explain, to explain the homework; [i:] read, east, in the east; [e] send, west, in the west; [o:] born, north, in the north of Russia; [au] round, south, in the south of Wales. Жбз b) Americans? missing "Why -the Rabbib Has a Shoirt Tail Many years ago the rabbit had a very long tail. His tail was longer and more beautiful than the tail of the fox. The rabbit was very proud of his tail and he always told all the other animals about it. One day the fox wanted to put an end to the rabbit’s boasting^. The fox went down to the lake with four fish in her teeth. A.........When she got to the lake, she cut a hole in the ice and put those four fish to her tail, then sat down and waited for the rabbit to come. When the rabbit came to the lake, the fox quickly put her tail into the cold water. The rabbit asked, “What are you doing. Fox?” The fox answered, “I’m fishing.” “With your tail?” asked the rabbit. The fox answered, “Oh yes, that’s the best way to catch the most fish.” В....The fox wanted to buy beautiful tail brushes in the village. The rabbit wanted to buy new tail brushes too. When the fox went home, the rabbit put his tail In the hole and began to fish. C....The rabbit wanted to show her his tail but he couldn’t pull his tail out of water. D. The fox helped him but his beautiful tail was in the lake. And that’s why, from that day to this, the rabbit has such a very short, short tail. 1. The fox showed her tail to the rabbit and he saw four fish on it. 2. He asked the fox to help. 3. The weather was cold and the water in the lake froze^. 4. After some time the fox came back and asked the rabbit about his fishing. V V c) Listen to the text, check yourself, then read the text out loud хвастаться ^ to boast [boost] -2 froze [frooz] - замерзла The School World e. Find out in the text the information about: ► why the fox wanted to teach the rabbit a lesson; ► what the fox did to teach him a lesson; ► why the rabbit began to fish; ► why the rabbit has a very short tail now. 7. Look at the pictures to the text and tell the legend about the rabbit. 8. Write exercise 3. Useful Language a composition, fast, east, to explain, west, north, south Homework 1 1. Nos 2, 5c 2. Ex. 8. 3. Ex. 1—3. ' Ч 5. Project: “The School We Go To”. 1. Listen to the text “Schools in New Zealand” and complete the sentences with the correct answer. Then write them down in your exercise book. 1. Children study ... years in New Zealand. a) 12 b) 10 or 12 c) 10 2. There are ... schools in New Zealand. a) elementary and high b) primary and middle c) primary and secondary 3. Children start school on the 1st School Day after a) the 5th birthday b) the 6th birthday c) the 7th birthday 4. The school year begins at the end of a) September b) June c) January 5. The school year ends in the middle of a) June b) December c) May 6. There are . a) eight b) eleven c) ten compulsory subjects 2. a) Vanya got a letter from his friend John. He lives in New Zealand. Read the letter and say what subjects he does. HI, Vanya, How are you? I haven't heard from you for a long time. I'm OK, busy at school every day. I've changed my school this year. Last year I finished primary school. After 8 years In primary school it was very difficult for me to come to secondary school. I will study for 7 years in it. I like going to school but everything is so new to me. The building is new and the classes are bigger. We are 28 In the class. There are a lot of new subjects: Physics, Chemistry, Algebra, Geometry and so on. We read a lot in Literature and I've begun learning a new ■f foreign language it's French. I don't have enough time for school clubs but I'm Interested In surfing and I'm going to join this club. I go on with my music classes. Next year I'll have a final exam in Music school. I'm looking forward to my summer holidays. My parents promised me that we would go to Europe. I'd like to celebrate Christmas in Paris or Rome. You remember that here I have summer holidays from the end of November till the beginning of January. In secondary school we have four terms a year with two weeks holidays after every term. My classes usually start at 8.45 and end at 3.15. You see I have busy days. Write back to me about your school life. Best wishes, John The School World b) Listen to John’s letter and read it out loud. 3. Read the sentences and correct them according to the text. 1. Children study 7 years in primary and 8 years in secondary school in New Zealand. 2. Primary and secondary schools are in one building. 3. There are three terms in a school year in New Zealand. 4. Summer holidays are from June till August. 5. A usual school day starts at 8.30 and ends at 3.30 pm. 6. John is interested in dancing, he has a lot of free time. 4. Complete the chart in your Workbook. 5. a) Compare schools in Russia, the UK, the USA and New Zealand using the chart in your Workbook. *b) Look at the pictures, read the information and say what you’ve learned about these schools in England. s I * C' . ♦* ■ ■ * s *• . • J ‘“L." V* ."*• OOLt®'’' trtTTETl’S SCttOOb SCttO®'" ^ «urs V 6. Project: "The School We Go To”. Homework Lesson 24 Lessons 25, 26 Lessons 27, 28 1. No. 2c. 2. Ex. 1. 3. Ex. 1—3 Test 2 Reserve Home Reading 67 Great Britain 1. Let’s play in two groups. Answer the questions about Great Britain. The group which knows more about the country will win. 1. Name the four parts of Great Britain and their capitals. 2. What are the symbols of these parts? 3. What famous places and monuments in Great Britain do you know? 4. What is the other name of the country? 5. What is the name of the Queen of England? 2. a) Jenny is talking to her mother about a film. Listen to their conversation and guess the meaning of the new words. Jenny: Mum, yesterday I saw a film about Russia. Mother: Did you like it? Jenny: Yes, very much. I learned how Russian people lived many centuries ago. Forests were very important for them because they buiit their houses of wood. Another interesting fact is that they never made big stone castles or roads of stone. Mother: Really? 68 /Meet Great Britain and New Zealand *b) Act out the dialogue. built 3. a) Make up sentences using the chart below. Many centuries ago on the Earth there were there were no mobile phones big stone castles roads made of stone planes dinosaurs TV-sets a lot of wild animals thick forests cars trains b) Let’s play in two groups. Name things which are made of metal, plastic, wood or stone. The group which names more things is the winner. 4. Choose other or another and complete the sentences. Use the example. Take another pen. Let’s read other stories. 1. Are there any stories about animals in this book? 2. Give your little brother 3. Do you want to buy .. 4. What ... ■ a ■ toy car. bag? films about nature have you seen? 5. Do you want to visit museums? 6. May I have a a a glass of juice? 69 5. Word building. Make up new words using the words below and translate them into Russian. a) to teach (v) — a teacher (n); to sail (v) to build to act to hunt to write to farm to read to paint b) a plan (n) — to plan (v) a plant a hunt a farm a smile a name a visit an end a centre a sailor (n) to visit to make to travel an attack a map 6. Read the numerals correctly. a) 174 -598 -1,312 3,067 one hundred and seventy-four five hundred and ninety-eight one thousand three hundred and twelve three thousand and sixty-seven b) 382,291; 465; 613; 934; 3,179; 7,126; 5,847. 7. a) Read the words out loud. [эи] ago, stone, made of stone, road; [tj] picture, century; [i] big, build, building; [a] other, another; [o:] port, important; [u] food, wood, made of wood. b) Read the words and guess their meaning. symbol, system, mystery, religious, period fpionod], occupy, emperor femporo] Hadrian fheidrian], the Celts [kelts] 8. a) Vanya is fond of history. Here is the text he found in one of the history books about Britain. Read it and say what people lived in the country many centuries ago. You will need these words. BC ~ AO нашей эры; AD - наша эра /Meet Great Britain and New Zealand Stonehenge ■> Ancrien-t^ Biribavn Part I We don’t know much about early people who lived in Britain because they lived long before a word of their history was written. But the most important monument of that time, Stonehenge, can be visited today. It is one of the symbols of Britain, which was built about 5000 years ago. At first it was made of wood. Then stones were brought. In the period from the 6th to the 3rd century BC a people called the Celts came to Britain. There were some Celtic tribes^ the Piets, the Scots, the Britons and others. Scot- land and Britain were named after two of these tribes. In AD 43 the Romans came to Britain. They began to build forts, roads and cities. Today the British still use these roads. London as the centre of the country’s road system and with its busy port became the capital of the country. England and Wales were under the Romans, but Scotland and Ireland were never occupied. To stop the attacks of the Scots and to protect the Romans a stone wall was built between Scotland and England in AD 122. It was 117 kilometres long and its hight was about 3.5 metres. Hadrian’s Wall The wall was built under Emperor Hadrian and was named Hadrian’s Wall. Today tourists can se& some part of it. There are many museums near them Roman fort where about 1000 Roman soldiers centuries about their life in this fort. Visitors b) Read the sentences which describe what happened in these years and centuries: The 6th the 3rd century BC ■ AD 43 ■ AD 122. 1 ancient ["einjant] — древняя 2 tribes — племена 71 PmQG гЧ V ^ c) Listen to the text “Ancient Britain** and read it out loud. 9. Write a plan of the text and tell the class what you know about the ancient history of Britain. Useful Language another, a century, important, a road, stone, wood to build built built Homework 1. Nos 2a, 8c. 2. Ex. 9. 3. Ex. 1—3. 1. Read the information below and compare rivers, mountains, towers in Russia and in Britain. Russia Great Britain The River Ob 3,650 km long The River Thames 338 km long The mountain Elbrus 5,642 km high The mountain Ben Nevis 1,344 m high the Ostankins-kaya TV Tower 540 m high the British Telecom Tower 177 m high 2. a) Work in two groups. Ask each other questions about ancient Britain and answer them. b) Use your plan and speak about the ancient history of Great Britain. 3. a) Listen to the text, look at the pictures and guess the meaning of the new words. Many centuries ago strong and brave people lived in Russia. There were large forests and beautiful rivers on their lands. /Heef Great Britain and New Zealand In the north, south, east and west of Russian lands people had different national traditions. They lived in villages and in towns. b) Answer the questions, using the new words. 1. Do you live in a village, in a town or in a city? 2. Where do your relatives live? 3. Is the town/village where you live in the north, south, east, west or in the centre of Russia? 4. Are there large forests near the place where you live? 5. Who is brave and strong in your family? 4. * Complete the sentences with the new words and write them down in your exercise book. east 1. Ilya Muromets was a and man. 2. In the of Russia the weather is very cold. village 3. There are a lot of vegetables and fruit in the west of the country. strong 4. Kamchatka is in the of Russia. north 5. St Petersburg is in the Й ■ • of Russia, brave 6. My uncle lives in a beautiful old south The near the Ш Ш Ш was good for farming. large There was a forest near the village. land town 5. a) Read out loud. [ao] house, town, south, in the south; [e] test, west, in the west; [o:] more, north, in the north; [i:] read, east, in the east; [q:1 car, large; [I] big, village; [d] strong. 73 ,Шш0й tai i" b) Read the words and guess their meaning. army, pirate ["pairat], throne, the Battle of Hastings ['heistipz], leader, a seaman, the Angles, the Saxons, the Jutes [cfeu:ts], the Vikings fvaikipz], the Normans, Normandy, period fpioriod]. 6. a) Read the text and say what people came to Great Britain after the Romans. Ancient Bribain Part In the 3rd century the Angles, the Saxons and the Jutes began to attack Britain from the east. In AD 410 the Roman army already wasn’t as strong as before and left the country. The Angles lived in the east and in the centre of Britain, the Saxons and the Jutes — in the south. The British Celts were pushed into the mountains in the west. This part of the country was named Wales. Some Celts moved to the north into the country of Scots Scotland. The early Anglo-Saxons lived in small villages. Their houses were made of wood and had small windows and thatched roofsk Towns were built only about AD 600. In the 9th century the Vikings, which means “pirates”, came to Britain from the north of Europe. Thousands of strong men with more than 200 big ships attacked the Anglo-Saxons and occupied their lands. The period of Viking Kings began. ^ thatched roofs соломенные крыши Л SAXONS /Meet Great Britain and New Zealand In 1043 it ended as an Anglo-Saxon king, Edward, came to throne. When he died in 1066 the Normans with their leader, William of Normandy, came to Britain. William wanted to become the king of England. His army attacked the Anglo-Saxons at a place called Hastings and won the battle, which later got the name “The Battle of Hastings”. William conquered^ Britain and became the king. King William I is known in history as William the Conquerer^. A Viking ship King Wiiliam i b) Listen to the text and read it out loud. 7. Say who they were: the Angles, the Saxons, the Jutes, the Vikings, King Edward, the Normans, William of Normandy, William the Conquerer. 8. Read and say what interesting facts about the Vikings you learned. 1>(Г It^uOVr “fclo^ub 7 In the 9th century the Vikings also came to Russia. Their prince, Rurick, became the first Russian prince in Novgorod. In the 10th century North America was found by a Viking seaman when a storm brought his ship to this continent. Viking houses were also found in Canada, but the people didn’t live there for a long time. Useful Language brave, strong, village, town, land, large Homework 1. Nos 3a, 6b 2. Ex. 4. 3. Ex. 4. to conquer ['ког)кэ] — завоёвывать a conquerer ["кпркэгэ] — завоеватель 75 ODmQQ ---i; I • • , -«• I x\ i' b ,»* I: t. \ f* I V ’ * Ф ,1 ►' •r* i'.'f 1. You learned a lot of facts from the early history of Britain. Look at the timeline and say what you learned about the Christian period. Зшейт J Period Date Main Events^ 1 The Celts in Britain Щ 6th—3rd centuries BC Celtic tribes — the Piets, the Scots, the i Britons and other. Scotland and Britain were I named after two of them. The Celts were 1 good hunters, farmers, builders, tool-makers. 1 They made them of bronze and metal. ^ Roman occupation AD 43 AD 122 The Roman army landed in Britain. Building of camps, forts, roads, towns and г cities. Building of Hadrian Wall. The End of Roman occupation AD 410 The Roman army was not as strong as before and left Great Britain because of Anglo-Saxon attacks. Anglo-Saxon England AD 410-680 The Angles, the Saxons, the Jutes — people from the north — at first attacked Britain, then conquered it and lived in the east, in the centre and in the south of it. The British Celts were pushed to the west. Christian period AD 680-800 s , We cannot know how or when Christianity first came to Britain, but we know that it were the Celts who brought Christianity to its ordinary^ people. England became Christian very quickly. Monasteries were built. They were the places of learning. The Vikings in Great Britain AD 800-1013 AD 1013-1043 Occupation of some parts of Great Britain by the Vikings. Viking Kings on the English throne. 1 events - события 2 ordinary [Ъ:бтэп] - простой, обычный 76 /Heet Great Britain and New Zealand The end of Viking Kings of England AD 1043-1066 Anglo-Saxon King Edward became the King of England. Edward died. The Normans in Britain 1066 William of Normandy came to Britain and attacked the Anglo-Saxons. The Battle of Hastings. William the Conquerer became the King of England. b) Speak about the main periods in the early history of Britain 2. Listen to the text Viking Village” and learn how the Vikings lived. You’ll need the words below to understand the text. everything ['evri0ir)] firewood всё, a hearth [hcuG] дрова для очага; to fight [fait] драться, бороться; to spin to weave [wtv] ткать; berries очаг; прясть; ягоды 3. Read the true sentences and correct the false ones. 1. The Vikings lived in small villages in large wooden houses about 15—20 m long. 2. The family cooked, slept and worked in one room. The animals slept outdoors. 3. The Vikings didn’t have breakfast or lunch. 4. They ate a lot in the evening: bacon, fish and meat, bread with butter, fruit and honey. 5. Viking children went to school. 6. Boys brought firewood, worked on the farm and learned to fight. Girls did the same. 7. Boys and girls collected bird’s eggs in spring and berries and mushrooms in autumn. 8. They didn’t have toys and didn’t do sports. 4. *Say how the Vikings lived many centuries ago. The picture will help you. 77 DDmQG 5. a) Listen to Jenny and Vanya’s conversation over the phone, look at the pictures and guess the meaning of the new words. Jenny: Hello, Jenny is speaking. Vanya: Hi, Jenny. Jenny: You know. I’ve just read an exciting book about two boys. One of them was very poor, and the other was very rich. He was a prince. The boys decided to exchange^ their clothes. Vanya: Well, I’ve also read this book. When the prince put on poor clothes, he was thrown out of the palace and Joined all the poor of London. V b) Listen to the conversation again, read the dialogue and act it out. 6. The Celts had a rich folklore tradition and a nice collection of Celtic fairy tales. Here is one of them, read it and enjoy it. After reading answer the questions below. ► Where did Gwyn travel? ► Why did the old man stop him in London? ► Why did Gwyn decide to show the hazel tree to the old man? ► What did they find under the tree? ► Who was in the cave^? The ’Welshma.'n end "the Hazel Part I There was once a Welshman whose name was Gwyn. He decided to see the capital of England and one day went to London. He took with him a staff of hazel, which helped him to walk. In the city an old man caught him by the arm and asked, “Excuse me, but from where did you come?” “From Wales,” answered Gwyn. “Can you tell me where the hazel tree from which ^ to exchange [iks'tjemclj] 2 a cave — пещера ® a hazel staff f heizarstoif] обменяться посох из орехового дерева 78 /Pleef Great Britain and New Zealand this staff is made is?” “It is in the field near my home,” said Gwyn. “I can make you a rich man, because under that tree there is a lot of gold and silver^ Can you take me there?” asked the old man. Gwyn was poor and he needed money. So he decided to take the old man to the field. They pulled out the tree, moved a big stone, which was under the tree, and saw a tunnel and a large cave in the end of it. They went down and came to a big bell. “Never touch^ the bell,” said the old man. When they came to the cave, Gwyn was greatly surprised because he saw sleeping soldiers with their swords^ and shields^ near them. In the centre of the cave there were gold and silver coins. “Who are these sleeping men?” asked Gwyn. “King Arthur and his soldiers,” answered the old man, “sleeping here century after century, until Wales has need of them.” 7. Listen to the fairy tale and read it out loud 8. Write a short story using the words below. Useful Language rich, poor, to join, to decide Homework Nos 5a, 7 3. Ex. 1—3. 1 2 gold [gsuld] and silver to touch [tAtJ] a sword [so:d] a shield [fi-ld] золото и серебро дотрагиваться меч щит I 79 !■ а) Look at the pictures and say how Russian people lived many centuries ago. Use the words from the box. hunters fishers farmers tool-makers made of wood a stove ■ bread ■ porridge pancakes honey h) Compare the life of Russian people and the life of the Vikings in the old times. 2. Complete the sentences with the given words and read the text. What is it about? Have you ever read stories about Robin Hood? He is one of the most popular characters of the British legends. Many ... and lived in a houses of , Sherwood forest. They . in the trees and hid there. men small , and people from ■ ■ ■ and Robin Hood. They ■ • • to come to him from different ... and didn’t have food were Hood and because they homes. Robin men helped them with money which they took from the brave wood villages strong poor lands large centuries towns rich joined decided build 80 /Heet Great Britain and New Zealand 3. Listen to the sentences, look at the pictures and guess the meaning of the new words. lCn b085m) North Sea Atlantic Ocean Severn } the English Channel (пролив Ла-Манш) the Atlantic Ocean the North Sea the Irish Sea the European continent Ben Nevis Snowdon the Thames the Severn ["sevon] the Tyne the Clyde the Lake District 2. Read and describe the Lake District 7 tv k>v>avr “Ыол;Ь ... The Lake District which is situated in northwest England is a special place of natural beauty. It is the largest England’s national park where the biggest England’s lakes and mountains are situated. A lot of people visit this beautiful district and enjoy its fantastic nature. 3. Answer the questions using the map. 1. Where is the UK situated? 2. What is the country washed by in the south, in the west and in the north? 3. What separates the country from the European continent? 4. What are the most important rivers of Great Britain? 84 /Heet Great Britain and New Zealand 5. What is the Lake District famous for? 6. Which are the highest mountains in Great Britain and where are they situated? 7. Is the climate in the UK mild or continental? 4. Listen to Vanya and Jenny’s conversation and say where they want to travel. Jenny: Vanya, let’s go to Scotland. This part of the country is fantastic. Vanya: Really? Jenny: Yes, we’ll have a lot of fun there. 5. Work in pairs. Choose any other place in the UK and make up your own dialogues, using the dialogue in exercise 4. 6. Read the story “The Star-Child”^ written by a famous English writer and say: ► what the Star-Child did when he saw a beggar-woman^ in the village and why he did it; ► who the woman was. THe 0±ar-Oh.%lcL (After O. Wilde) Part I Once upon a time two poor woodcutters worked in a forest. It was a cold winter. But a strange thing happened. They found a little child lying on the white snow. He was asleep in a cloak^ of gold with stars. One of the woodcutters was very kind. He took the child and brought it home to his wife. Oscar Wilde (1854-1900) ^ the Star-Child - звёздный ребёнок 2 a beggar-woman -^ a cloak - плащ 85 The Star-Child lived in his family and played with his children. He was very beautiful but proudS cruel^ and selfish^. One day a beggar-woman came to the village. When the Star-Child saw her he began to throw stones at her. The woodcutter was very angry with the boy and took the woman to his house. There he said to her, “Ten years ago I found this child in the forest sleeping in a cloak of gold with stars.” “He is my little son whom I lost in the forest,” cried the beggar-woman. The woodcutter went out and said to the Star-Child, “Go into the house. Your mother is waiting for you there.” The boy was very happy and ran in. But he saw only the beggar-woman. She said, “You are my son. The robbers took you from me and left you in the forest to die. Come with me, my son. I need your love.” The Star-Child was surprised. He didn’t want to go with this poor woman and told her, “Go away, I don’t want to see you any more.” The unhappy woman went away into the forest and the Star-Child ran outside to play with other children. 7. Read the true sentences and correct the false ones according to the story. 1. Once upon a time two poor woodcutters worked in the forest and met a beggar-woman with a child. 2. One of the woodcutters took the child and brought him to his house. 3. The boy lived with his family and played with his children. He was very beautiful. 4. The Star-Child was kind and friendly. 5. When the Star-Child saw the beggar-woman in the village one day, he gave her some bread. 6. The poor woman was his mother. 7. The boy was very happy to see his mother and went with her to another village. 8. Write 8 sentences about the geography of Great Britain. Homework 1. No. 4. 2. Ex. 2, 3, 8 3. Ex. 1—3. ^ proud - гордый 2 cruel [кгоэЦ - жестокий ® selfish - эгоистичный 86 /Heet Great Britain and New Zealand 1. Look at the map on page 84 and say what you know about the geography of Great Britain. 2. Do you know your country well? Read the words below, guess their meaning. Then show these places on the map of Russia. the continental climate the Pacific Ocean the Arctic Ocean the Baltic ['bo:ltik] Sea the Black Sea the Caspian fkaespion] Sea the Volga the Yenisei the Lena fliino] the Ob Lake Baikal Lake Ladoga Lake Onega Elbrus the Urals ['juaralz] the Caucasus fkDikosoz] the Altai Mountains Asia feija] Siberia [sai'biaria] Work in pairs. questions. map 1. Is Russia situated in Europe or in Asia? 2. What is it washed by in the north, in the south, in the east and in the west? 3. What mountains are situated in Russia? Which is the highest mountain in Russia and in Europe? 4. What do the Urals separate? 5. What big rivers and lakes in Russia do you know? 6. Does Russia have sea or continental climate? 7. Which parts of Russia are the coldest (the warmest)? 8. Which places in Russia have you visited? 87 ШтВй 4. а) Read the text about Russia and say which information is new for you. Our Mo^Tterland 1. Our country is the largest in the world. It occupies an area of 17 million square km. There are 8 federal districts in Russia. 2. Russia is a democratic country. State^ symbols of the Russian Federation are the state emblem, the flag and the national anthem^. Moscow as the capital also has its emblem. You can see St George in it, who is the patron saint^ of the city. 3. The population (население) of Russia is about 142 million. People live in villages, in towns and cities. There are more villages in Russia, but 73% (per cent) of the population live in towns and cities. 4. The oldest town in Russia is Old Ladoga which is now situated in Leningrad District. It was founded in the year 862. There are some other beautiful old towns: Pskov, Novgorod, Sergiev Posad, Pereslavl-Zalessky, Kolomna, Yaroslavl, Rostov the Great and some others. If you visit them, you’ll learn many interesting facts from the history of Russia and see famous monuments. The largest city in Russia is Moscow with a population of more than 10 million. 5. There are a lot of talented people in our country. Russia is the Motherland of great writers, artists, composers and scientists^. 6. Our country has beautiful nature and a lot of rare animals. People do their best to protect them. There are national parks in different parts of Russia for rare animals and birds. Learn more about Russia from the site http:/yen.wikipedla.org/wlki/Russia. state — государство, государственный anthem ["зепвэт] — гимн patron saint [seint] -a scientist fsaisntist] святой покровитель ученый /Hcef Great Britain and New Zealand b) Listen to the text about Russia and read it out loud. 5. Match the sentences with the paragraphs of the text and put them in the correct order. Then speak about Russia using the sentences below. a) The oldest towns. b) State symbols. c) Russia is the largest country in the world d) Beautiful nature of the country. e) Famous people of Russia. f) The population of the Russian Federation. 6. Listen to some children who are going to travel around Russia with their teacher in summer. Guess the meaning of the new phrases. Nina: Let’s go to Murmansk [muo'mornsk] to see fantastic white nights there. Tanya: Is it in the north of Russia? Nina: Yes, it is. Alex: Well, I think it will be cold there. I’d rather go to the south and enjoy swimming in the sea. Victor: We’d better go to the Caucasus. The mountains are very beautiful there. 7. Work in groups of four. Discuss where you want to travel in Russia. 8. Write 8 sentences about the geography of Russia. The questions in exercise 3 on p. 87 will help you. Useful Language I’d rather ["го:5э] .. We’d better ... . лучше ... .) Я бы предпочёл ... . Нам следует ... . (Мы Homework Lessons 37, 38 1. No. 4b. 2. Ex. 8. Home Reading 3. Ex. 1—3. 89 DDmBG 1. Do you remember what happened in part I of the story “The Star-Child”? Retell it. 2. a) Listen to part II of the story, b) Look at the pictures and say: ► what happened to the Star-Child, ► where he went, ► how he found his parents, ► what the main idea of the story is. You’ll need the following words to understand the text to forgive - прощать a punish-trap капкан 3. a) Word building. Make up new words using the model and translate them into Russian. ■ real, friend, poor, strong, slow brave + ly — bravely храбрый храбро b) Read an English fairy tale and put the words in brackets in the correct form. 90 /Heet Great Britain and New Zealand JacTc And -the ’WelB'h Gicmb^ Jack walked very (quick/quickly) and at night he was already in Wales. It was dark and he lost his way, but (final/finally) he came to a large house. Jack knocked^ on the door and a Welsh giant with two heads came out. With a (friend/friendly) smile he invited Jack into his house. Jack was surprised, but he came in (brave/bravely). He said (sad/sadly), “I’m a poor traveller and I lost my way in the dark. May I spend a night in your house?” “Yes, of course,” said the giant. be (happy/happily).” Jack knew that the giant was (dangerousVdangerously) and (strong/strongly). That is why he didn’t sleep in bed, but put some wood in it. At night the giant (slow/slowly) came into the bedroom and struck on the bed with his club^. In the morning the Welsh giant was surprised to see Jack alive. “Did you sleep well?” he asked. “As (usual/usually),” answered Jack. “It was (real/really) a (wonderful/wonderfully) night.” c) Say what happened to Jack. to hear heard heard 4.. Vanya is talking to his mother. Listen to their conversation and guess the meaning of the new words. Vanya: Mum, our teacher told us about an interesting museum which is situated not far from Arkhangelsk. You’ve heard about it, haven’t you? w Mother Vanya: Mother Vanya: Mother Vanya: Mother Vanya: Mother Yes. Your father and I went there in summer. Why did you go without me? Because you were in a summer camp. You went there by ship, didn’t you? Yes, we did. How long did it take you to get there? It was a long voyage. It took us about 3 days. I wonder what you discovered there? Oh, it was a wonderful discovery of Russian wooden architecture Vanya: Great! великан 1 a giant ['^aiant] — 2 knocked [nokt] — постучал ® dangerous ["deindjsras] — опасный struck on the bed with his club — ударил no кровати дубинкой Т 91 5. а) Work in pairs. Make short dialogues using the example and the chart below. How long did it take you to get to (London)? A voyage from (Moscow) to (London) by plane took me (3 hours) A voyage from Гм-: Moscow St Petersburg to London to the Caucasus to Vladivostok to Lake Baikal to Solovky Islands to Finland by plane by ship took me f 3 hours 2 hours 8 hours hours days days b) Say using the example: ► what you couldn’t do without your mother’s / father’s help when you were a little child. ► what you can do without their help now. I couldn’t go for a walk without my mother’s help when I was a little child. 6. Make up sentences. Begin with “I wonder... 99 I wonder... where she was on Saturday, who told you about this, what happened yesterday at school why they are laughing. if Jenny wants to visit Russia, if Vanya speaks „English well. Tag Questions It’s an interesting museum, isn’t it? Это интересный музей, не так ли? You want to see the film, don’t you? Ты хочешь посмотреть фильм, не так ли? Mike will come tomorrow, won’t he? Майк придёт завтра, не так ли? /Heet Great Britain and New Zealand 7. example ? ? ■ ■ ■ ? 9 1. Australia is a wonderful country, ... 2. The Vikings were good seamen, ... . 3. William I came to Britain from Normandy, 4. The Vikings lived in long wooden houses, 5. Stonehenge was the most important monument in Britain, 6. The Anglo-Saxons were people from the north, 7. You have visited Jorvik Viking Centre, 8. Nick will go travelling......? 9 9 Ш m Ш Ш 9 8. a) Read out loud. [lo] near, hear; [a] won, wonder, wonderful, discover, discovery; [6] with, without [wid'aut]; voyage ["voiicfe], a long voyage. b) Read the text about some unusual museums and answer the questions. ► What can visitors see and learn there? ► Which of them do you like most of all? Umusual Rmssian Мгшеитв "МаИуе Kareiy” is a wonderful museum of Russian wooden architecture. It is situated in the open air not far from Arkhangelsk. The museum was founded in 1964. Tourists can visit 120 different wooden buildings which were brought there from northern villages. They can get the idea of everyday life of Russian people in the 16th—19th centuries. Great folklore festivals are organized in the museum on such holidays as Christmas, Easter^ and others. Visitors can take part in them and learn about traditions of the Russian North. The Museum of Irons^ is situated in Pere-slavl-Zalessky. It is the only museum of this kind in the world. There are more than 200 different irons in it. The heaviest® iron weighs 212 kg, the weight of the lightest one is 10 grams. The oldest iron was made 250 years ago. ^ Easter [ rsta] 2 an iron ["aian] ® heaviest ["heviistl Пасха утюг (здесь) самый тяжелый 93 DDmQG The Museum of Kettles^ is situated in the village of Veskovo and tells about the history of kettles. The first ones were made of mixture of different metals. They were yellow, red and grey. In the museum tourists can see big, small and funny kettles. The Museum of Gramophones was opened in 1998 in St Petersburg. There are more than 300 gramophones in it which are used to listen to old plates. The first gramophones were brought to Russia in 1897. But later electrical instruments appeared and gramophones became history. In the picture you can see a strange thing which can boil water (a samovar) and play music (a gramophone). c) Listen to the text and read it out loud. Useful Language a discovery, to discover, a voyage, without. to hear -I wonder heard heard. Интересно знать How long did it take времени у вас заняло you ? ? Сколько It took me Это заняло у меня Homework 1. Nos. 4, 8с 2. Ex. 7. 3. Ex. 1—3. чайник ^ a kettle — 2 appeared [a'piad] появились /Pfeet Great Britain and New Zealand 1. a) Complete the sentences with the given words. There are two odd words out. ¥ ¥ ¥ ¥ a b \ ■i ¥ f » ¥ 1. When Jenny came to Australia she ... a wonderful world of animals and birds. 2. Vanya can read books in English 3. I ... 4. We went on a any help. who told you about this museum. 5. Have you ever ■ • ■ along the Volga. It was exciting, about white tigers? 6. The of new lands helped people learn more about the Earth. without voyage discovered wonder discovery rather heard join b) Work in pairs. Ask each other about a place you have visited and make dialogues using these phrases: A. You’ve been to ... , haven’t you? B. Yes, I ... . A. How long did it take you to ...? B. It took me ... . 2. Put tag questions at the end of each sentence and answer them The words in the box will help you. The Welsh giant was very dangerous, wasn’t he? — Yes, he was. 1. Forests were very important for early Russians, . 2. In Britain the Romans built roads and towns, ... 3. London port was very important for the Romans, 4. Fred always comes to classes in time, ... 5. The new film about planets is very interesting, ... 6. Jane will be on holiday in July, ... P a) doesn’t he? b) isn’t it? c) weren’t they? wasn’t it? won’t she? didn’t they? 95 PDmQG 3. a) Look at the pictures and learn the meaning of the new words. the Royal Crowns Madame Tussaud’s Museum ['maedam ta'soidz] a raven a wax figure b) Vanya and his parents are going to visit London. Read what information about the city they found in a guidebook (путеводитель). It may be interesting for you too. This Exciting Oity London To people who live and work in London it is a home city. To the others, who only visit, it is a city of history and culture, a place of famous museums, galleries and historic buiidings. Other tourists come to see colourful ceremonies, to visit theatres, cinemas and ciubs. Over the centuries, people from all over the world have come here. London is the biggest city in Europe. Now its population is more than 7 million. London is situated on England’s most famous and important river — the Thames. If you want to see the city from the river, take a boat tour^ and enjoy great views of such historic places as the Houses of Parliament, Big Ben, the London Eye, the Tower of London and some others. 1 a boat tour ['ЬэиГЧш] экскурсия на лодке /Meet Great Britain and New Zealand There are more than 100 museums in London. One of the most popular is Madam Tussaud’s. Here you can see wax figures of famous sportsmen, actors, singers, politicians and Madam Tussaud herself. Buckingham Palace is the Queen’s London home. It is very big. There are 600 rooms, 78 bathrooms, a swimming pool, a post office and a cinema there. The Queen of England has four other palaces. The Tower of London is home to 40 beefeaters\ 7 black ravens and the royal crowns. The beefeaters protect the Tower. Many centuries ago they were given meat, not money for their work. That is why they have such a strange name. As for ravens, a legend says they bring good luck to the country. The most famous toy shop in the world, Hamleys, is situated in Regent Street. It is 243 years old. It is very large, 4,500 people work there. At Hamleys visitors can find different toys, books, computers, games, puzzles and what not. You can learn more about London from www.woodlands-junior.kent.sch. uk/customs/questions/London/history.htm. : f c) Listen to the text and read it out loud. ^ a beefeater ['bi:f i:ta] - стражник в Тауэре 97 DDddOQ for their work. 4. a) Choose the endings and complete the sentences. 1. The population of London is ... a) about 10 miiiion b) about 7 miiiion c) about 12 miiiion 2. The Queen’s home in London is ... a) Holyroodhouse b) Windsor Palace c) Buckingham Palace 3. Many centuries ago beefeaters were given ... a) money b) meat c) houses 4. The most popuiar museum in London is ... a) the Tower of London b) Madam Tussaud’s c) Big Ben 5. A iegend says that seven ravens who iive in the Tower bring a) food b) presents c) good iuck 6. The most famous toy shop in the world is ... a) Harrods b) Marks and Spencer c) Hamieys 5. *b) Say what places of interest in London you would like to visit. 6. From London we’ll move to Oxford, a town which is home to a great university with more than 40 colleges. We’ll visit one of them, which is called Christ Church4 Listen to a story about famous people who lived and worked there. You’ll need the following words and names to understand the text. Lewis Carroll, Charles Dodgson, Alice Liddell, Henry Liddell, Dinah [daing], the Cheshire Cat, the egg-headed Humpty Dumpty, “Alice in Wonderland”, “Through the Looking Glass”^, the dean декан ^ Christ [kraist] Church [tfartn - церковь Христа и Through [0ru:] the Looking Glass «Алиса в Зазеркалье» 98 /Meet Great Britain and New Zealand 7. Answer the questions. 1. What is the real name of Lewis Carroll? 2. Where did he work and live? 3. Who was the dean of the college? 4. Whom did Charles tell interesting stories to? 5. Which characters of his books were born in Christ Church? 6. Who asked Charles to write the stories he told to Liddell children? 8. Write about a place you have visited (8 sentences). Use the plan below. ttJliiJiiiliJLiiJLJLIJi Л& Л& Л^ ЛА Л^ Л& Л|р Л& Л№ ■ «Ч -W ' !■% f (V* S* Plan ► Its name ► where it is situated ► with whom you went there ► what is interesting about it ► what you liked most there Homework Lessons 41, 42 Nos. 3, 6. Ex. 4, 8. 2. Ex. 1-3. Home Reading 1 99 DDmQG 1. a) Work in pairs. Look at the chart and compare (сравни) London and Moscow. Add some more information about the cities if you can. London Moscow г is situated ' ^ '.-V ■ 1 -T-i ^ on the Thames on the Moskva River Popuiation more than 7 million more than 10 million Historic piaces Ч • a ■. *’ * - Big Ben, the Houses of Parliament, the Tower of London, the London Eye and others the Moscow Kremlin, Red Square, the Bolshoi Theatre and others The most popuiar museums The British Museum The National Gallery Madame Tussaud’s Museum the Kremlin Museums the A.S. Pushkin Fine Arts Museum The Royai Crowns are kept in the Tower of London in the Kremlin Transport V black taxis, red buses, the London Underground (метро), or “the Tube” taxis, buses, trams, trollybuses, the Moscow Metro b) Speak about the place where you live. Use the chart above. Tag Questions 2. Put tag question on the end of each sentence and answer them Use the example. Alan, you don’t know where Kate is, do you? — No, I don’t. / Yes, I do. Алан, ты не знаешь, где Кейт, не так ли? — Да, я не знаю. / Нет, я знаю. 100 /Heef Great Britain and New Zealand 1. Tom, you haven’t got a rubber, ...? (Yes) 2. They were not happy, ...? (No) 3. Max won’t take his exam tomorrow, ...? (No) 4. They aren’t your friends, ...? (Yes) 5. Nelly, this is not your project, ...? (Yes) 6. They didn’t come by car, ...? (No) 3. a) Read the words below correctly and guess their meaning. culture ["клк/э], literature ["litrotfo], volcanic [уоГkasnik], dialect ["daiolekt] b) Let’s speak about some other places in Great Britain. Read the text about Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland. A Welcome to Edinburgh. It has all of Editiburgh — history, romance, Scottish culture and traditions. Its castles take you back centuries. Visitors can take part in Edinburgh festivals of music, literature and arts. The city has become one of the best loved places in the world. Edinburgh Castle, the defender^ of the nation and a world famous museum, stands on a high volcanic rock^. Behind its high walls Scottish kings and queens lived. Today it is home to many interesting museums. Another famous building is the Palace of Holyroodhouse - the residence of the Queen in Scotland. The Scottish Storytelling Centre. If you open the doors in the Story Wall, you’ll enjoy listening to the most famous Scottish fairy tales. ^ a defender 2 a rock — - защитник скала 101 QOmQG A monument to Bobby. Oh, it’s a very sad story. This small statue is of Bobby, a clever little dog, who worked with his master, a policeman John Gray. Gray died in 1858 and Bobby watched his grave^ for 14 years until its own death^. Magic is the only way to describe the cafe "Elephant House”. It became famous because J. K. Rowling started to write her first “Harry Potter” book there. She liked the place for its wonderful tea and coffee. The Writers Museum was built to celebrate the life and works of Robert Burns, Robert Louis Stevenson and Sir Walter Scott. c) Listen to the text and read it out loud. 4. a) Match the portraits with the texts. Read the sentences describing them out loud. Three Top Scotland’s most famous writer poetry, short stories and fiction®. The most popular of his books is “Treasure Island”. Robert Burns (1759-1796) •Л ■ IT ■ Scotland’s most famous poet, collected and wrote poems and songs in Scottish and in English. к» • Robert Louis Stevenson (1850-1894) Scottish most famous writer and poet. 61-metre monument largest writer. Edinburgh most famous books are “Rob Roy”, "Ivanhoe” f'aivonhou], “Quentin Dorward”. F; V watched his grave death [de0] — fiction ["fik/эп] сторожил его могилу смерть художественная литература Sir Walter Scott (1771-1832) /fleet Great Britain and New Zealand b) Say what you learned about the three top Scots; which books of these writers you have heard about or read. 5. * Work in groups of three. You are in Edinburgh. Discuss what you’ll visit or see in the city. Use the phrases from the box. How about going ? Why don’t we go 9 That’s a wonderful idea! ■ That sounds good. ■ I’d rather, We’ll have a good time/lots of fun. 6. Listen to the “Story of Wales”, look at the pictures and name its main sights (достопримечательности). You’ll need the words below. a waterfall водопад, a railway железная дорога 7. You are in Wales. Write a letter to your parents about your visit (6—8 sentences). Use the plan below. ' X* ‘ i I Plan where you were what you liked most of all what you are going to visit what you feel about the place *7^ ~7 •Cw/. ’ 1 ' % *1 f "^OWDONIA ^5 -л^‘ •r! \ f T'<. k— •• Homework w 1 1. No. 3c. 2. Ex. 3b, 7, • T. Ч r T>V • -a ^ * « V ^ ^ Щ ^ f * 3. Ex. 1—3. 103 1. Have you ever heard about Mikhail Lazarev and Faddey Bellins-gauzen? Listen to the text and guess the meaning of the new words. You’ll learn who these men were. Mikhail Lazarev was born in Vladimir in 1788. He was a Russian seaman, admiral made three voyages round the world. In 1819 two Russian ships, “Mirny” commander explorer who in 1813—1825 “Vostok”, left Kronstadt. The “Mirny” was captain Lazarev and the commander of “Vostok” was captain Bellinsgauzen. expedition went to the South Pole. In captains discovered Antarctica, explored and mapped 29 new islands. to leave left left 2. Read out loud. [o:] a port, to explore, an explorer; [L] read, leave an expedition f,ekspo'dijon]; [a:] a commander [,кэ"то:пёэ] 3. a) Work in pairs. Read the answers and ask the questions. Then change the roles. 1. Lazarev and Bellinsgauzen were captains and explorers. 2. Mikhail Lazarev made 3 voyages round the world. 3. In 1819 two Russian ships “Mirny” and “Vostok” left Kronstadt. 4. The expedition discovered, explored and mapped 29 new islands. *b) Speak about M. Lazarev. 4. Choose the correct words and complete the sentences. Say who Ernest Shackelton was. In 1907 a British Ernest Shackelton began to plan a voyage to Antarctica. He ■ ■ ■ Britain in the ship “Nimrod”. On the way they an active volcano and made some other But they didn’t get to the South Pole. leave discover explore explorer discovery /Heet Great Britain and New Zealand 5. a) Read the information about some other famous Russian explorers. a Russian seaman, admiral, an explorer, in 1803- 1806 the commander of the first Russian voyage around the world in the ships “Nadezhda” and “Neva” mapped the island Sakhalin explored the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans made “Atlas of the South Sea” wrote a book “A Voyage Round the World” which was translated in seven countries of Europe a Russian seaman, admiral, an explorer took part in the first Russian voyage round the world in 1803—1806 in the ship “Nadezhda” in 1819—1821 was the commander of the first Russian Antarctic expedition in the ships “Mirny” and “Vostok” in 1820 discovered Antarctica, explored and mapped 29 new islands a sea near Antarctica and a small planet are named after him b) You are one of the explorers. Speak about your voyages and discoveries. 6. a) Read the text about one of the greatest British explorers. Say how many voyages round the world he made. Read the words below and guess their meaning. Tahiti [ta''hi:ti], Hawaii [ho:"waii], a land — to land, astronomer [as'trnnomo], luck (удача) lucky unlucky, good luck Capitafn James Oodk James Cook was a good navigator and a map maker. In 1768 he set sail from Plymouth in the ship “Endeavour”. His mission was to travel to the Pacific Ocean with a group of astronomers who wanted to study Venus. During this expedition Cook was lucky and made some important discoveries: he mapped the island of Tahiti, discovered and mapped New Zealand in 1769. In 1770 the “Endeavour” landed at Botany Bay in Australia. He came back to Britain in 1771 and brought with him a lot of animals and plants which were not known in Europe. On all Cook’s voyages scientists and artists made drawings of what they saw. 1 Venus I'vrnss] - Венера {планета) 105 -Т' His second important voyage began in 1772 and ended in 1775. He travelled in the ship "Resolution”. He was looking for a new continent Antarctica. Cook didn’t discover it, but he was the first seaman who crossed the Antarctic Circle^ in his ship. In 1776 captain Cook set out on his third voyage. He wanted to find a safe way to the North Atlantic ocean and came to the north-western part of America. Cook and some of his men landed at the Hawaiian Islands in 1779 but they were unlucky. There they were attacked and killed by the natives. England lost one of its greatest navigators and explorers of the seas. b) Listen to the text about James Cook and read it out loud. 7. a) Tick true or false. Correct the false sentences 1. James Cook was a good navigator and map-maker. 2. On his first voyage he travelled with a group of astronomers who wanted to study Mars. 3. He discovered Australia and New Zealand in 1768. 4. In 1768 he sailed from Plymouth in the ship “Endeavour”. 5. Captain Cook’s ship was the first to cross the Antarctic Circle. 6. On all Cook’s voyages artists drew what they saw. 7. In 1779 Cook and some of his men were killed by the natives on one of the Hawaiian Islands. True False *b) Write out from the text the most important information about James Cook’s voyages. Use exercise 5 as an example. Speak about his discoveries. 8. Choose the correct answer. 1. You aren’t fond of shopping, ...? (No) a) are you b) don’t you c) aren’t you 2. Dad, you are looking for your newspaper, ...? (Yes) a) didn’t you b) won’t you c) aren’t you 3. Tom is good at music, ...? (No) a) is he b) isn’t he c) doesn’t he ^ the Antarctic Circle ['s3:kl] - Южный полярный круг 106 /Meet Great Britain and New Zealand 4. Nelly won’t be late, ...? (Yes) a) won’t she b) will she 5. You enjoyed the film, ...? (No) a) don’t you b) didn’t you c) isn’t she c) do you 6. The weather isn’t fine today, ...? (Yes) a) isn’t it b) is it c) does it Useful Language to explore, an explorer, to name after. to leave luck — left lucky - left, unlucky Homework 1. Nos 1, 6b. 3. Ex. 1—3. 2. Write a questionnaire for a quiz about famous Russian and British explorers which you read about. New Zealand 1. Quiz “Famous Russian and British Explorers”. In two groups ask each other questions. The winner is the group which has more correct questions and answers. 2. a) Read the words and learn to pronounce them correctly. Edmund Hillary ["edmond'hibri], Tenzing Norgay [Yensir)ho:gei], the Alps, the Himalayas [himo"leioz], Nepal [ni'po:l], Mount Everest, to knight [nait] произвести в рыцари. b) Listen to the story and name the people who climbed the highest mountain in the world. 107S OOmQQ 3. Answer the questions. ■ Where was Edmund Hillary born? ■ Where is Everest situated? ■ What is its height? ■ What were the awards (награды) for the two men? ■ Why do you think people climb high mountains and explore oceans and far lands? ■ Would you like to become an explorer? 4. Do you remember who discovered New Zealand? Read short information about the country and say what facts you learned. Get to Know New Zealand Name: New Zealand Geographical position: the North and the South Islands in the South Pacific Climate: winter is rainy, summer is sunny Size: 1,269 square km Capital: Wellington Population: 4 million Native people: Maori Language: English, Maori Money: New Zealand dollar The Head of state: the Queen of England Country symbols: the kiwi, the silver fern (серебряный папоротник) Nature: national parks, rare plants, animals and birds Tasman Sea /Meet Great Britain and New Zealand 5. Say what you’d like to visit and to see in New Zealand. Explain why. 6. Put a tag question on the end of each sentence and answer it 1. New Zealand is situated in the South Pacific, ...? 2. The Maori came to New Zealand some centuries ago, ...? 3. The kiwi and the silver fern are symbols of New Zealand ...? 4. Edmund Hillary didn’t stop climbing Everest, ...? 5. All the climbers were very tired, ...? 6. They aren’t leaving the party, ...? 7. Write 8 sentences) to your friend about this country: ► how you got there; ► what places you visited; ► what you saw there; ► your impressions (впечатления); ► what you liked the most. Homework 1. Project: “A Famous Explorer” (name, country, facts from the biography, important discoveries, made him/her famous). ^ 2. Ex. 1-3. 1. Here are some facts from the history of New Zealand. Read and say which facts are new for you. V*'- % I St w vr SimeUne h г I AD 600 — AD 1300 The first people of New Zealand, the Maori, came to the islands. 1642 A Dutch^ sailor Abel Tasman became the first European who came to New Zealand. 1769 An English explorer Captain James Cook discovered the country. 1840 New Zealand became a colony of Great Britain. 1860 The capital of New Zealand, Wellington, was named after an English commander who defeated^ the French Army in the Battle of Waterloo. 1947 New Zealand became independent® from Great Britain. 1953 A New Zealander, Sir Edmund Hillary, became the first person who ciimbed the top of Mount Everest ; i- ■•i % 4 i 'Я 1 • « .•■b. ■;sr 110 ^ Dutch 2 К» - голландский to defeat - нанести поражение independent - независимый /Pleet Great Britain and New Zealand 2. Your relatives are going to visit New Zealand. Tell them about the country using the facts from the chart. 3. a) Read the words and guess their meaning. organisation [^oiganai'zeijh], exotic [ig'zntik] b) Read the text from a booklet about national parks in New Zealand and say why they are important. jPeel Good and Do Good National parks are places where forests, rivers, animals and birds are protected. There are 14 national parks in New Zealand. The first one was opened in 1887, the last — in 2001. Protection comes first, but parks are also for people to enjoy. A visit to a national park is more than Just a great day out. You can see the natural world and play a big part in helping to save it. The wildlife park is home to a lot of exotic animals, birds and fish. There are also underwater national parks where sea plants, sea animals and fish are protected. Visiting the national park you’ll learn about projects to protect wild animals. There are some ways you can help the park: buying tickets, giving some money as a giftk There are playgrounds for children where they can run, exercise, play games and enjoy beautiful nature. There’s also a train which will help you get around. You’ll learn all about the natural world and help to protect it. ^ a gift - подарок, дар QDmQfi 4. Read the sentences below and choose the correct answers according to the text. 1. There are 20 national parks in New Zealand. 1) True 2) False 3) Not stated 2. National parks are for people to enjoy. 1) True 2) False 3) Not stated 3. You can give food to animals in national parks in New Zealand 1) True 2) False 3) Not stated 4. Sea plants, sea animals and fish are protected in underwater national parks. 1) True 2) False 3) Not stated 5. There are no cars or trains in national parks for people to get around. 1) True 2) False 3) Not stated 6. In national parks children get presents. 1) True 2) False 3) Not stated 5. Have you ever been to a national park in Russia? Where is it? What did you see there? 6. Project: “A Famous Explorer”. Lesson 47 Lessons 48, 49 Lessons 50, 51 Test 3 Reserve Home Reading 112 (part I; * л- V“ Passive Voice (Страдательный залог) Формы страдательного залога английских глаголов образуются с помощью вспомогательного глагола to be в соответствующем времени, лице и числе и третьей формы глагола V3. Present Simple Past Simple am/is/are + V3 was/were +V3 The book is read. — Книга The book was read. Книга была прочитана. прочитана. Future Simple will be + V, The book will be read. — Книга будет прочитана. Страдательный залог выражает действие, которое совершается по отношению к лицу или предмету в функции подлежащего, и употребляется, когда говорящий хочет подчеркнуть, что объект действия важнее, чем лицо, которое его совершает. The book is read. (He важно, кто прочитал книгу. Важно, что она прочитана.) Если необходимо показать, кем или чем совершается действие, то используются предлоги by (с одушевленными существительными) и with с неодушевленными существительными (материал или инструмент, с помощью которого совершается действие): John bought а computer. Джон купил компьютер. The computer was bought by John. My mother planted the flowers. Компьютер купил Джон. Мама посадила цветы. The flowers were planted by my mother. Цветы были посажены моей мамой. Г из The "л л'*Л^ '- Л.^f 'TT^r . 0 ‘^’,l'»»i ‘ 'f TO И '_v •rvj ША A^f *,•: *av2 4^if.\4T>; V A *J®5<. <«4 jvi^^.v*^* -r -*-,-• ;r4.-waw*i:ri'^4S-. adjective '4A* ,Vi имя conj П — prep pron V — IB, |iV ^v прилагательное adverb — наречие conjunction 'r?x. ^^•»•■T ■••>.<■ “•"i^ : . ■5.‘ * sT •'- ^ - V -k" ■'C: »•'. r . r«*'.V *'. - •л. I • • •'. ' союз noun имя существительное preposition pronoun — предлог местоимение verb гла гол A adventure [ad'ventfa] n приключение afraid [a'freid] adj испуганный to be afraid of бояться чего-либо/ кого-либо ago [э'дэо] adv тому назад another [э'плдэ] pron ещё один, другой anybody ['enibodi] pron кто-то anything ['eniGir)] pron что-нибудь anywhere ["eniwea] adv где-нибудь, куда-нибудь around [э' raund] prep кругом attraction [s'traekjan] n аттракцион aunt [o:nt] n тётя awful [' o:f9l] adJ ужасный В become [bi" клт] v (became, become) становиться begin [bi' gin] v (began, begun) начинать boat [bsut] n лодка, корабль break [breik] n перерыв, перемена brave [breiv] adj храбрый, смелый bring [bng] V (brought, brought [bro:t]) приносить brush [ЬглЛ 1. V чистить щёткой; 2. n щётка build [bild] V (built, built) строить C camp [kaemp] n лагерь to go camping жить в палатках care [кеэ] 1. n осторожность; забота; попечение, уход; 2. v заботиться; питать интерес, любить to take care of заботиться о ком-либо to care for (music) любить (музыку) careful ркеэГэ!] adj осторожный, заботливый carry ['kaeri] v вести, перевозить; нести catch [kaetj] v (caught, caught [ko:t]) ловить century [' sentfari] n столетие, век certainly [' ssrtnli] adv конечно cheap [t(i:p] a дешёвый childhood [" tjaildhod] n детство clothes [klaudz] n одежда competition [.knmpi'tijan] n соревнование, состязание, турнир composition [, кптрэ" zi/эп] n сочинение compulsory [кэт"рл18эп] adj обязательный conquer ['кпцкэ] v завоёвывать courage ['клпс^] n мужество cousin ['кл2п] n двоюродный брат, сестра cross [kros] V пересекать cycling [' saiklip] n велоспорт D decide [di'said] v решать, принимать решение deep [di;p] adj глубокий dessert [di"z3:t] n десерт die [dai] v умирать discover [dis'kAva] v делать открытие, открывать discovery [dis' клуэп] n открытие dream [dri;m] 1. n мечта; 2. v (dreamt, dreamt [dremt]) мечтать E early [" 3:li] adv рано east [kst] n восток elementary [eli'mentan] adj начальная /школа) end [end] 1. n конец; 2. v заканчиваться exam [ig' zaem] n экзамен exhibition [' eksi" bijn] n выставка lie .K expensive [iks'pensiv] adj дорогой explain [iks'plein] v объяснять explore [iks^pb:] v исследовать, изучать explorer [iks^pbrro] n исследователь F fall [fo:l] V (fell, fallen) падать fan [ben] n болельщик fast [fa:st] adj скорый, быстрый feel [fLl] V (felt, felt) чувствовать fit [fit] adj в хорошей форме (о спортсмене)', сильный, здоровый fitness [ ^ films] п хорошая физическая форма foggy [' fbgi] adj туманный foreign [^ fbnn] adj иностранный fork [fo:k] n вилка free [M:] adj 1. свободный; 2. бесплатный G glass [glo:s] n 1. стекло, 2. стакан glasses [^glo:siz] n очки H happen ['haepan] v случаться hear [hio] v (heard, heard [hs:d]) слышать height [halt] n высота high [hai] adj высокий hiking [' haiki^] n путешествие пешком to go hiking идти в поход hold [hsuld] V (held, held) держать; проводить hour [' аиэ] n час husband V hAzbond] n муж I ill [il] adj больной important [im' рэШ] adj важный inside [in' said] prer внутри interest [' intnst] n интерес to be interested in интересоваться island [' aibnd] n остров J jog [фод] V бегать трусцой to go jogging бегать трусцой join [фот] V присоединяться to join a club стать членом клуба _________________________ Vocabnlaru journey ['фз:ш] n поездка, путешествие (сухопутное) К kill [kil] V убивать knife [nait] n (knives) нож keep [kbp] v (kept, kept) держать; хранить,сохранять to keep fit поддерживать хорошую (спортивную) форму L land [Isend] n земля, суша; страна large [1о:ф] adj большой late [leit] 1. adj поздний; 2. adv поздно left [left] adj левый turn left поверните налево leave [li;v] v (left, left) покидать, уезжать, оставлять library ['laibrori] n библиотека life [laif] n жизнь luck [1лк] n судьба, случай Good luck! Удачи! map [maep] 1. n карта; 2. v наносить на карту marriage [' тгепф] n женитьба, брак marry [' maeri] v жениться, выходить замуж middle ['midl] adj средний mild [maild] adj мягкий, умеренный mouse [mans] n (mice) мышь N newspaper [' njius^ peipo] n газета nobody [' naubndi] pron никто north [no:0] n север nothing [' ПЛ011)] pron ничего nowhere f nsuwes] adv нигде О ocean ['эи/п] n океан other ['лбэ] adj другой outside [aut'said] adv снаружи P parrot [' pserat] n попугай plate [pleit] n тарелка poor [рш] adj бедный the poor бедные (люди) population [ ^ popju' leijh] n население street [stri;t] n улица strong [stroQ] adj сильный study f sUdi] V учиться, заниматься primary ['praimsri] adj начальная (школа) sure [fus] adj уверенный pull [pul] V тянуть push [puj] V толкать R rich [ntJl adj богатый right [rail] 1. adj правый, верный; 2. n право turn right поверните направо road [rdud] n дорога, путь railway [' reilwei] n железная дорога relative [' relotiv] n родственник S same [semi] adj такой же, одинаковый sail [sell] n шфус; v плавать (под парусами) save [seiv] v спасать secondary [' sekondori] n средняя (школа) sell [sel] и (sold, sold [sould]) продавать separate ["seporeit] v отделять, разделять sharp [fo:p] adj острый should [fud] V следует sick [sik] adj больной sink [sipk] V (sank, sunk) тонуть situated [" sitjueitid] adj расположенный, находящийся smile [small] 1. n улыбка; 2. v улыбаться somebody f SAmbddi] pron кто-то something [ SArnGip] pron что-то somewhere [' SAmweo] pron где-то sore [so:] adj больной, воспалённый south [sau0] n ЮГ southern ["sAdn] adj южный spoon [spim] n ложка stairs [steoz] n лестница step [step] n ступенька stomach ['sUmok] n желудок, живот stomachache [' sUmokeik] л боль в животе stone [stoun] 1. п камень; 2. adj каменный strait [streit] 1. п пролив; 2. adv прямо to be sure v быть уверенным surround [so'raund] v окружать, обступать Т team [ti:m] n команда term [ts:m] n срок, определённый период thick [0ik] adj густой, толстый thousand ["0auznd] тысяча throat [Grout] n горло tooth [tu:0] n (teeth) зуб town [taun] n город, городок train [trein] v тренировать • trip [tnp] n поездка, экскурсия и uncle [ лцк1] n дядя use [ju:z] v использовать used to do sth имел(а) обыкновение что-либо делать V victory f viktori] n победа village ['vili(^] n деревня voyage [' voiKfe] n морское путешествие, перелёт (на самолёте) W wake up f weik^Ap] (woke up, woken up) V просыпаться war [wo:] n война way [wei] n путь, дорога; направление, способ, образ weight [weit] п вес west [west] п запад wide [waid] adj широкий wife [waif] n (wives) жена without [wid' aut] prep без woman ['wumon] n (women ['wimin]) женщина wonderful ['wAndofol] adj удивительный, чудесный wood [wud] n дерево (материал), древесина Irregular Verbs become [Ьг'клт] begin [bi'gin] bring [bng] build [bild] catch [kaetj] dream [dri:m] fall [foil] feel [fd] hear [hid] hold [hduld] keep [ki:p] leave [luv] sell [sel] sink [sipk] wake (up) [weik] became [bi' keim] began [bi" gaen] brought [bro:t] built [bilt] caught [kd:t] dreamt [dremt] fell [fell felt [felt] heard [hsid] held [held] kept [kept] left [left] sold [sdold] sank [saepk] woke (up) [wduk] become [Ы'клт] begun [bi' длп] brought [bro:t] built [bilt] caught [ko:t] dreamt [dremt] fallen [' fo:ln] felt [felt] heard [hs:d] held [held] kept [kept] left [left] sold [sduld] sunk [sM)k] woken (up) [' wdukdn] АКАДЕМКНИГА/УЧЕБНИК в учебно-методический комплект по английскому языку для 5 класса общеобразовательных учреждений входят; Учебник (часть 1, часть 2) Рабочая тетрадь Книга для чтения Книга для учителя Звуковое лособие ISBN 978-5-49400-292-1 785494 002921