Английский язык 4 класс Книга для чтения Тер-Минасова Узунова

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0 ^ \o/®/ ' ’ 7 ^ /m с.г. Тер-Минасова, Л.М. Узунова, Е.И. Сухина, Ю.О. Собещанская нглийскии 4 класс Книга для чтения к учебнику для общеобразовательных учреждений Москва АКАД ЕМ КН И ГА/УЧ ЕБН И К 2013 УДК 373:811.111 ББК 81.2АНГЛ-922 А64 А64 Английский язык: Книга для чтёния к учебнику для общеобразовательных учреждений. 4 кл. / С.Г. Тер-Минасова, Л.М. Узунова, Е.И. Сухина, Ю.О. Собе-щанская. — М.: Академкнига / Учебник, 2013. — 56 с.: ил. ISBN 978-5-49400-337-9 Книга для чтения является обязательным компонентом учебнометодического комплекта по английскому языку. Она тематически связана с Учебником, включает тексты, соответствующие возрастным особенностям, интересам учащихся и уровню их языковой подготовки на иностранном языке. Кроме того, в ней представлены различные упражнения тренировочного и творческого характера, направленные на развитие умений чтения и говорения. Книга для чтения знакомит учащихся с популярной детской литературой англоязычных стран, может быть использована во внеклассной работе для постановки спектаклей на английском языке. УДК 373:811.111 ББК81.2АНГЛ-922 Учебное издание Тер-Минасова Светлана Григорьевна Узунова Лариса Моисеевна Сухина Елена Игоревна Собещанская Юлия Олеговна Английский язык 4 класс Книга для чтения к учебнику для общеобразовательных учреждений Художник Д.К. Гавриленко Подписано в печать 30.05.2013. Формат 60x84 1/8. Гарнитура PragmaticaC. Печать офсетная. Печ. л. 7. Тираж 20 000 экз. Тип. зак.41736 ООО «Издательство «Академкнига/Учебник» 117997, Москва, ул. Профсоюзная, д. 90, офис 602 Тел.: (495) 334-76-21, факс: (499) 234-63-58. www.akademkniga.ru E-mail: [email protected] Отпечатано ОАО «Советская Сибирь» 630048, г. Новосибирюк, ул. Немировича-Данченко, 104 ISBN 978-5-49400-337-9 © Тер-Минасова С.Г., Узунова Л.М., Сухина Е.И., Сообещанская Ю.О., 2013 © Оформление. ООО «Издательство «Академкнига/Учебник», 2013 зрогой у 9РУг! В этой книжке ты встретишься с популярными героями сказок разных стран и народов — американскими Пекосом Биллом и Полом Баньяном, австралийским Йонди, английским Диком Виттингтоном. Такие персонажи русских народных сказок, как Домовой, Кикимора, Баба Яга и Кощей Бессмертный, знакомы тебе с детства, а вот с эльфами, феями, гоблинами и гномами из европейского фольклора тебе предстоит познакомиться поближе. Надеемся, что это будет интересно. Читай с удовольствием! пЧ 000 000 и и ' 0* D D / 000 * i) a) Guess the meaning of these words. Read and guess un (не) + friendly = unfriendly un + kind = unkind a dress — to dress folklore [Tsuklo:], metal, nectar [’nekts], ballet ['baelei] ?) Find the meaning of these words in the Word List. 3) Read about fairies and name good and bad fairies. Fairies Who are fairies? They are English fairy tale characters. We think that they are small, beautiful, friendly and help people who have problems. But fairies can be good or bad. They have a long history. Where do fairies live? Legends say that good fairies usually live in forests and make their homes of flowers, grass and leaves. Many of them love parties where they sing and dance. Fairies can make their dresses of green leaves and beautiful flowers. Some of them have lovely wings of different colours which help them fly. They love to wear hats! They like fruit and flower nectar. Brownies^ are from Scottish folklore. They wear brown dresses. People say that it is very nice to have them in the house or near a farm because these little fairies are good at helping about the house and in the garden. Elves^ and pixies^ are popular in England. Elves can be light or dark. Light elves are friendly and kind. Dark elves live underground and come out only at night. They are naughty and unfriendly. Pixies are small, with red hair and big noses. They dress in green. If you are unkind to people, pixies can be unkind to you. Goblins^ like forests and old trees. But they don’t live in one place for a long ^ brownies [Ьгаитг] — домовые ^ elves [elvz] — эльфы ^ pixies ['piksiz] — пикси goblins ['goblinz] — гоблины a brownie elves pixies hO Ai а goblin dwarfs time. Goblins are very naughty. They enjoy taking things from their places and making people angry. Dwarfs^ and gnomes^ are small with long beards. They live underground and look for precious metals. Legends say that gnomes don’t like to meet people. But some people enjoy collecting stone gnomes and decorating gnomes gardens with them because they think that gnomes are nice and friendly. The flower fairies are good fairies. They look after flowers and trees. People think that many of them work ^ dwarfs [dworfs] — карлики ^ gnomes [’nsumz] — гномы and play in every garden and forest. The British artist and poet Cicely Mary Barker wrote poems about flower fairies and painted them for children’s books. In those books you can see beautiful fairies which look like children. Here are some pictures of the flower fairies by Cicely Mary Barker. She made them very popular. Cicely Mary Barker (1895-1973) Good and bad fairies like to be with children because it’s fun to be with them. They live in a lot of fairy tales for children. In “Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs” Snow White meets seven dwarfs in the forest. They are very kind to her. In “Cinderella” a good fairy helps a girl go to the ball where she meets a prince. “The Sleeping Beauty” ^ tells us about a bad fairy who makes a young princess sleep for a hundred years. “The Princess and the Frog” is an English fairy tale about a bad fairy who turns a kind prince into a frog. We can see fairies in pictures, stories, films and some popular ballets — “The Sleeping Beauty”, “Cinderella” and “The Nutcracker”^. ^ “The Sleeping Beauty” ['bju:ti] — «Спящая красавица» ^ “The Nutcracker” ['riAt'krsekaJ — «Щелкунчик» 4) 5) 6) Find and read: • sentences with new words; • the descriptions of different fairies; • about the flower fairies; • about the fairy tales where fairies live. Right or wrong? Read and say. • All fairies are good and friendly. • Brownies are from Welsh folklore. • Dark elves are naughty and unfriendly. • Goblins like to live with people. • The flower fairies are good fairies. • “The Princess and the Frog” is a fairy tale about a bad fairy who turns a kind prince into a frog. Answer the questions. 1. What do people think about fairies? 2. What fairies do you know? 3. Where do dwarfs and gnomes live? 4. Who wrote about the flower fairies? 5. What do we know about good fairies? 6. Why do fairies like to be with children? 7. Do you know other fairies from famous fairy tales? z) Imagine that you meet a fairy. What will you ask her/ him about? Act out a dialogue with your friend. 8) You are a fairy (any you like). Say where you live and what you can do. о 2? (к1Шои] и® о Find the nneaning of these words in the Word List. 2) Read about spirits in Russian folklore and name them. Spirits In the old times Russians believed in gods and spirits. The names of the most famous spirits were Domovoi, Kikimora, Leshii, Baba Yaga, Koschei the Deathless^. Now they are a part of Russian folklore. You can read about them in Russian fairy tales. They say that every house has its Domovoi and he is a part of the family. He is a good spirit. Like Scottish brownies Domovoi helps about the house. He looks like an old man with a beard. He can look like a cat or a dog, too. At night people put milk and cakes in the kitchen to make Domovoi happy. When Domovoi is angry, he can be very naughty: he takes things, hides them and makes the house dirty. ^ Koschei the Deathless ['de0bs] — Кощей Бессмертный /J-V. Kikimora is a house spirit, too. She looks after the chickens and the housework^ and likes clean houses. People say that she lives behind the stove but she can live in the forest or in the water, too. Kikimora may be not very friendly. Leshii is a spirit of the forest. He protects wild animals and plants. Leshii looks like a tall man with bright green eyes. His hair and beard are of grass. Leshii can turn into an animal or a tree. He is not friendly to people, but he can look after farm animals. Baba Yaga is a very famous folklore character. She is a wild old woman who lives in the forest. Baba Yaga Kikimora Leshii I. Bilibin. Baba Yaga flies in a mortar with a broom. She lives in a small house on chicken legs which can move around. She can be good or bad. There are fairy tales where Baba Yaga helps people. In the fairy tale “The Frog Princess” Baba Yaga tells Ivan^ Tsarevich how to find his wife Vasilisa. But in the tale ^ housework — ^ Ivan ['arvn] — Иван домашняя работа Л? Л v> “Geese-Swans” Baba Yaga wants to eat up a little boy, Ivanushka. Koschei the Deathless is a famous character, too. He is a bad spirit. In the fairy tale “The Frog Princess” he turns Vasilisa into a frog. In the tale “Marya Marevna” Koschei kills Prince Ivan. Ivan Bilibin (1876-1942) I. Bilibin. Koschei the Deathless We can see Baba Yaga, Koschei the Deathless and other folklore characters in pictures by famous Russian painters Victor Vasnetsov and Ivan Bilibin. V. Vasnetsov. Koschei the Deathless Victor Vasnetsov (1848-1926) vT r J tr. * 3) Find and read: • sentences with new words; • the descriptions of different spirits. 4) Right or wrong? Read and correct the wrong sentences. In the old times Russians believed in fairies. Domovoi lives in the forest. Kikimora is a house spirit. Leshii is very friendly to people. Baba Yaga is a very famous folklore character. Koschei the Deathless is a good spirit. 5) Answer the questions. 1. Did Russians believe in spirits or in fairies in the old times? 2. Who are the famous characters of Russian folklore? 3 Which of them are good and which are bad? 4. Where do they live? 5. What fairies and spirits in British and Russian folklore live in a house? 6) In what Russian tales can you read about spirits? © 1 Paj 'I' !1 tJk [кшаш Ti©”!)© <й. ' Я й Guess the meaning of these words. Read and guess shoe + make + er = shoemaker pair (of shoes), lady, surprise [sa'praiz] 2) Find the meaning of these words in the Word List. 000 :xXXXXXXXxXX> money around (to look around) leather rich 3) Remember and say what good fairies and what fairies you know. 4) a) Read the fairy tale and name its characters. b) Look at the pictures and describe the characters. bad In the old times there was a shoemaker. He had no money, so he could not get food for his family. One day he looked around his shop and saw that he had very little leather and could just make one pair of shoes. r y' , ft Не cut out the leather, put it on the table and went to bed. In the morning he came back to his table and saw... a pair of fine shoes! He looked at them in surprise. Where did they come from? ^ ^ Л 4 г* Lady: Hello. I’d like a pair of shoes. Shoemaker: Please, try these on. Lady: Oh, they are fine. I’ll give you good money for them. The shoemaker took the money and got some food and leather for TWO pairs of shoes. He cut out the leather and went to bed. In the morning there were two pairs of fine shoes on his table! That afternoon a rich man came into the shop. Hello. I need a pair of shoes. I have two. Please, try them on. Oh, they are fantastic. I’ll take these two pairs. Here is the money. got some food and leather for FOUR Night after night, he put leather on the table and got fine shoes. And day after day, rich people came to get them. Very soon, the shoemaker and his wife were rich, too. Man; Shoemaker: Man: The shoemaker pairs of shoes. u V One evening the shoemaker’s wife said, “Let’s not at night. Let’s see who does it.” After dinner they hid in the shop. The door opened and... two little elves ran in. They were wearing very bad costumes. They went right to the table, took the leather and started to make shoes. Then they ran away. Shoemaker: Wife: Shoemaker: Those elves have helped us a lot. What can we do for them? I know! We can make warm things for them to wear. Their costumes were so bad, and they had no shoes on their little feet. It’s a good idea! You can make little caps for them, and I can make nice shoes for them. And so they did. They also made little shirts, trousers, coats and two pairs of socks. At Christmas they put all the presents on the table and hid in the shop. о V % fc; In the middle of the night the elves ran in and saw the boxes. They looked at them in surprise. They opened the presents and tried on the new things. Then they ran out of the door, singing, “Oh, what nice little boys we are! We will make these shoes no more!” The shoemaker and his wife did not see the two little boys after that night, but they were rich and happy. 5) 6) Find and read: • sentences with new words; • sentences that match the pictures. Right or wrong? Read and say. • The shoemaker was very rich. • In the morning he saw a pair of jeans on the table. • A rich lady wanted a pair of socks. • A rich man took one pair of shoes. • At night two little kittens came to the shop. • The elves made shoes. t|» 7 • The shoemaker and his presents for them. • The elves said «thank you» to them. U Answer the questions. • What did the shoemaker see on the table in the morning? • Who came to the shop and got his shoes? • Why did the shoemaker and his wife hide in the shop? • What did they see at night? • What did the elves have on? • What presents did the shoemaker and his wife make for them? 8) ?) Act out the conversations between: • the rich lady and the shoemaker; • the rich man and the shoemaker; • the shoemaker and his wife. Think and answer: • Why did the elves make shoes at night? • Where did they go after Christmas? о Guess the meaning of these words. Read and guess [ fish j — to fish, to go fishing stop — to stop ice — icy, icy water 2) tit Find the meaning of these words in the Word List. X o-XKx>^^ :x»c> to lose (lost, lost) a trick, to play a trick on to cover a hole X / to pull, to pull out to catch (caught, caught) to turn to shout ' .'N - X-.. .-N- 3) You are going to read a Native American tale. The Native Americans lived in North America before people from Europe came. Tell the class what you know about them. 4) Read the tale and say what Russian tale it is like. What is the same (одинаково) and what is different in the two tales? о N ✓ G i/X VJ Нош Bear Lo Г" k Back in the old days. Bear had a tail. It was long and black and beautiful and Bear liked it very much. Fox saw this. You know, Fox is very clever and he likes to play tricks on animals. One day he played a trick on Bear. It was the time of year when it gets frosty, and cold winds cover the lakes with ice. Fox made a hole in the ice near Bear’s house. When Bear came, he saw a lot of big fish on the ice near Fox. Fox pulled his tail from the hole in the ice, and there was a very big fish on it. “Hello, Brother,” said Fox. day?” “Hello,” answered Bear and How are you this fine looked at the big fish. u I am fine, Brother. But what are you doing? У9 и Would you like to “Oh, yes,” said Bear, and started walking to Fox’s fishing hole. But Fox stopped him. “Brother,” he said, “This hole will not be good. You see, I have already caught all the fish. Let’s make you a new fishing hole where you can catch a lot of big fish.” They made a new hole in the ice. Fox knew very well that there was no fish there, but he did not tell Bear. Bear thought, “Oh, I am going to catch a lot of tasty fish.” “Listen,” Fox said, “do as I tell you. Turn your back^ to the hole and put your tail in it. A fish will come and grab^ your tail and you can pull it out.” “But how will I know when a fish has grabbed my tail?” asked Bear. “I will help you. I will hide behind a tree where the fish cannot see me,” said Fox. “When a fish grabs your ^ back ^ grab зд. спина схватить v> Si G tail, I will shout. Then, pull your tail and catch your fish.” Bear said, “I will do as you say.” He sat down on the ice, put his long beautiful black tail in the icy water and turned his back. Fox watched Bear for some time, and then ran back to his house and went to bed. In the morning Fox went back to the icy lake and what, do you think, he saw? He saw a little white hill on the ice. The night was snowy, and Bear was covered with snow. Fox thought it was very funny. He walked very closer to Bear’s ear and shouted, “Pull, Bear!!!” Bear pulled his long tail. But it was caught in the ice, and when he pulled, it broke ofp. Whack!^ Bear thought that there was a fish on his tail and he wanted to look at it. But what he saw was his long beautiful tail caught in the ice. ^ close — зд, близко ^ broke off — оторвался ® Whack! [waek] — Хлоп! о At A' r> “Ohhh,” he shouted, “ohhh. Fox. I will get you for this.” But Fox ran very fast, and Bear did not catch him. This is why today bears have short tails and they do not like foxes. 5) 6) t> 8) Find and read: • sentences with new words; • sentences that match the pictures. Put the sentences in the correct order and read them. 1. Fox shouted, “Pull!!!” and Bear’s tail broke off. 2. One winter day Fox played a trick on Bear. 3. Bear slept on the ice, and snow covered him. 4. In the old times Bear had a long and beautiful tail. 5. Bear wanted to fish, too, and Fox made a new hole for him. 6. This is why Bears have short tails. 7. Bear saw Fox fishing on a lake that was covered with ice. Right or wrong? Read and say. • Back in the old days. Bear had long and beautiful wings. • Fox is very silly. • Fox went fishing on a lake. • Bear did not want to catch big fish. • The night was cold and snowy. • Fox was very sad when he saw Bear sleeping under the snow. • Bear did not catch any fish. • Today bears are friends with foxes. Answer the questions. • What did Bear like very much? • What time of year was it? • How did Fox catch his fish? • Why did Fox make a new fishing hole for Bear? • Why was Bear covered with snow in the morning? i* • What did Fox do when he saw Bear in the morning? • Why did Bear lose his tail? • Why didn’t Bear catch Fox? Tell the story. a) You are Fox. Tell how you played a trick on Bear. b) You are Bear. Tell how you went fishing and lost your tail. Act out the conversations between Fox and Bear: a) when Bear saw a lot of big tasty fish on the ice near Fox; b) when Fox showed Bear how to fish; c) when Bear pulled his tail and it broke off. о И/ к I n о о * Guess the meaning of these words. Read and guess prairie ['presri], coyote [’koisut], cowboy, lasso [la'su:], tornado [toi'neidau] 1/ I •r I • 2) Find the meaning of these words in the Word List. across to fall (fell, fallen) to howl at the moon a mark to tame a snake a star In these lessons you will read stories about American superheroes — Pecos Bill from the West^ and Paul Bunyan from the East^. a) Remember and say what Russian superheroes you know (Ilya Muromets, ...)• b) Pecos Bill was a cowboy. Who are cowboys? 4) a) Read the story and say what Pecos Bill could do. b) What character from a famous book lived among animals like Pecos Bill? ^ West — запад ^ East — восток Ai ✓ о u"L Pecos Bill lived in America, in the state of Texas^ He was the youngest of eighteen children — and the most special one. Pecos Bill started to talk before he was a month old! When he learned to sit, he rode his first horse. He played games with little bears and wild animals in the prairies. His family had to travel a lot. One day, on their way across the Pecos River, Bill fell out into the water. His parents did not see it. They went away. Pecos Bill was little, but very clever, so he got out of the river. A Mother Coyote found him and said, “Oh, little boy! You’ve got no parents. I will put you together with my children and I will love you like my son.” So Pecos Bill spent fifteen years with coyotes. He learned to howl at the moon and to hunt animals in the prairies. He forgot about his family. ^ Texas ['teksss] — штат Техас When Pecos Bill was sixteen, one of his brothers came to the place where the coyotes lived. “Aren’t you Pecos Bill, my little brother?” he asked. “I don’t think so. I’m a coyote! Listen!” and Pecos Bill howled and jumped about the field on all fours. “But you haven’t got a tail like coyotes. You can walk like a boy and you can talk, too.” “You are right, I think,” said Bill. c:::! Не said ‘goodbye’ to the coyotes and went to live with the people. There he learned to be a cowboy, like his family. Also, he found ways to help his friends. They mixed up their cows, so Pecos Bill showed them how to put special marks on the animals. He also made the first lasso and sang special songs to tame wild cows. He knew how to hunt snakes. He learned to ride a tornado and get stars from the sky. He was the cleverest, greatest and the most famous cowboy in America. ^ Find and read; • sentences with new words; • sentences that match the pictures. ^ Put the sentences in the correct order and read them. • Mother Coyote found Pecos Bill and took him to the coyotes. • Pecos Bill learned to be a great cowboy. • One day Pecos Bill fell out into the river. • Pecos Bill’s brother came to the place where the coyotes lived. Pecos Bill lived in a big family in the state of Texas. 7) Right or wrong? Read and say. Correct the wrong sentences. Pecos Bill was the youngest of five children. He played games with cats and dogs. Pecos Bill’s family travelled a lot. Pecos Bill spent fifteen years with foxes. His brother found him when he was sixteen. Pecos Bill thought that he was a monkey. Pecos Bill learned to tame sheep. 8) Ф Answer the questions: • Where did Pecos Bill live with his parents, brothers and sisters? • Why was he special? • Where did he fall? • What did Mother Coyote say when she saw him? • What did Pecos Bill do when he lived with the coyotes? • Who found him after fifteen years? • What did Pecos Bill learn to do when he came back? a) Act out the conversation between Pecos Bill and his brother. b) You are Pecos Bill. The cowboys ask you about life in the prairies. Act out the conversation answer their questions: • Where have you been? • What did you do there? • How did you get your food? • What can you do like coyotes? your and Vi 1) Guess the meaning of these words. Read and guess f: legend ['lecJsand], legendary ['кфэпёэп], giant ['фаюп!], coffee [’kofi], statue ['stastju:] 2) Find the meanings of these words in the Word List. 3) Read the story and say why Paul Bunyan is so famous in the USA. Paul Bunyan* Paul Bunyan is a legendary “big man” from the East who is very famous in the USA. The legend says, he was so big when he was a baby, that five storks had to fly together to take him to his parents. Fifteen horses pulled the wagon where he slept — that was his first^ bed. On his first birthday his father gave him a pet blue ox named Babe. They played together and ^ Paul Bunyan ['po:l 'Ьлгуэп] ^ first — первый . AL. went for walks in the state of Minnesota^ where they lived. The legend says that their tracks made the famous lakes of Minnesota — and there are a lot of lakes there! ^ Minnesota ['mmi'souto] озёрами — штат Миннесота, известный своими V ^ О Paul Bunyan was a lumberjack. His job was to cut down^ trees in the forest, and his giant blue ox helped him. One winter was so cold and snowy, that they had to look for trees under the snow. Hot coffee covered with ice that winter! Lucy, the Purple Cow, gave milk to Paul Bunyan. She was happy when the grass was green. Paul made green glasses for her. In winter, she put on her green glasses and thought that the snow was grass. When it was very cold, her milk was like ice cream. The Americans like stories about Paul Bunyan very much. There are a lot of statues of him and Babe, the blue ox, in the States. ж f \ 4) Find and read: • sentences with new words; • sentences that match the pictures ^ cut down рубить о Л/ Jr /1!^ 5) 6) Z) 8) Put the sentences in the correct order and read them. 1. Paul had a purple cow who gave him milk. 2. Five storks took baby Paul Bunyan to his parents. 3. There are a lot of statues of Paul Bunyan and his ox in the USA. 4. Paul cut down trees in the forest, and his ox helped him. 5. Paul and his pet, a blue ox, made the lakes of Minnesota when they went for walks there. Right or wrong? Read and say. • Paul Bunyan could fly when he was a baby. • He slept in a wagon, because he was very big. • Paul’s father gave him a pet horse for his first birthday. • There are a lot of lakes in Minnesota. • Winters in Minnesota are usually warm. • When the winter was very cold, Paul’s cow gave ice cream. • The Americans enjoy stories about Paul Bunyan and his ox. Answer the questions. • How did baby Paul Bunyan get to his parents? • Where did he sleep when his was a baby? • What present did he get for his first birthday? • Why are there so many lakes in Minnesota? • What was Paul Bunyan’s job? • Where did he look for trees in winter? • Why did he make green glasses for his cow? • Why are there many statues of Paul and Babe in the States? You are Paul Bunyan. Tell your friends: • how you made the lakes of Minnesota; • how you did your job in winter when there was a lot of snow; • why you made green glasses for your cow. .1. I 1) у4Тт7 % Guess the meaning of these words. Read and guess un + happy = unhappy captain [’kaeptin] i) Find the meaning of these words in the Word List. r>c<>oo<> >ooc>o. Dick liked Alice very much him. They lived together for time Dick became Lord Mayor Mayor of London three times, right when they said to him: and asked her to marry many years. After some of London. He was Lord So the church bells were Come back, Whittington, Lord Mayor of London, Come back, Whittington, Three times Mayor of London. 4) Find and read: sentences with new words; sentences that match the pictures ^ good luck — удача v> / 4Y NX, в V «I 5) 6) Put the sentences in the correct order and read them. 1. Every day the boy was very busy in the kitchen. 2. Dick asked Alice to marry him and they lived together for many years. 3. Mr Fitzwarren’s ship was in a far-off country. 4. One day Dick went to London to find a job. 5. One day Dick bought a cat who was very good at catching mice and rats. 6. The King was very happy and bought the cat. Right or wrong? Read and say. Correct the wrong sentences. • Dick Whittington had a mother and a father. • One day Dick went to Edinburgh to find a job. • At night Dick was sad and unhappy because many cats came to his room. • Mr Fitzwarren had a lot of ships. • Dick knew what to send with the captain. • The King gave the captain a lot of money and precious s tones. • The mouse made Dick Whittington rich. » Dick was Lord Mayor of London five times. D 8) Answer the questiones. • Why did Dick Whittington go to London? • Who gave Dick a job? • Who came to Dick’s room at night? • What did Dick send with the captain? • Why did Dick run away from Mr Fitzwarren’s house? • What did the church bells tell the boy? • Where did the boy go after he heard the bells? • Who made Dick rich? • How many times was Dick Whittington Lord Mayor of London? Choose a character and tell the story. 1. You are Dick Whittington. Say how the cat made you rich. i > * 2. You are the captain. Say what was in the King’s palace in a far-off country. 3. You are the King of the far-off country. Say why you bought the cat. 4. You are Alice. Say what you asked Dick to do and why, what Dick asked you to do. Act out the conversations between: • Dick Whittington and Mr Fitzwarren; • Dick and Alice; • Dick and the captain of the ship; • the captain of the ship and the King of the far-off country. •• bk- ё ^ i 1) Guess the meaning of the word “boomerang”. Have you got a boomerang? What is special about it? 2) Find the meaning of these words in the Word List. XXXXX><>C><><><>C' high strong a stick to hit (hit, hit) against to push up to bend (bent, bent) ill V» ту This is an Australian tale. Remember and say what you know about this country and its people. 4) Read this story and name its characters. P I . In the old times the sky was not as high above the Earth as it is today. It was down to the Earth, so all the people and animals were very short and small. All the animals were unhappy: birds could not fly with their wings and kangaroos could not jump around. Only snakes liked it because they could hunt the birds for their food. It never rained. The trees were short and looked like yellow grass. The Earth was like a desert, with no seas or oceans. о • I n At that time there lived a hunter. His name was Yondi. One day he was in the forest. He was very tired and could not walk any more. In the end Yondi saw a little lake. He liked it and wanted to spend some time there. It was nice to sit and watch animals. Yondi saw a very strange thing: when the animals came to the lake, they were ill and sad. But after they drank from it, they became strong and healthy. о V 4i г G Yondi was puzzled. “What’s that? Why do they look so different?” he thought. But after a short time he understood, “This water works like magic, so it can help me, too. I must try.” The hunter jumped into the lake. In the water he found a stick and took it in his hand. When he got out of the water, he was strong and healthy. He looked around and understood that he was gettings taller and taller. The stick was getting bigger and bigger, too. After some time Yondi hit his head against the sky. “Oh, no!” he cried. “I am too tall now! I must push up the sky with this magic stick.” So he took his stick and started to push up the sky higher and higher. He called his friends, animals, and they came to help him, too. Only the snakes did not want to work with them and to push up the sky. Do you know why? * was getting — становился A' r. Yondi became as tall as today’s people and pushed the sky up to the place where it is now. Together with the sky, the sun and the stars also went up. The water from the magic lake went up to the sun and... it started raining! The magic water came down to the people, animals and trees and made them strong and healthy. They started getting bigger and taller. Small lakes became rivers, seas and oceans. All the men and women started dancing. They said “thank you” to the great hunter Yondi. His friends animals were happy, too. The kangaroo started jumping around and forgot how to walk. The birds learned to fly and sing beautiful songs. Yondi looked at his magic stick and saw that it was bent. “I don’t need it,” he thought and threw the stick away, but it came back! That is how the first boomerang came to be. 5) 6) z) Find and read: • sentences with new words; • sentences that match the pictures. Put the sentences in the correct order and read them. • Yondi jumped into the lake and got a magic stick. • Yondi pushed up the sky with the stick. • He watched animals near a small lake. • He threw the stick away, but it came back. • One day Yondi was in the forest. Right or wrong? Read and say. Correct the wrong sen tences. In the old times the sky was high, and animals were happy. Yondi saw a big house in the forest. all the A / ^ \ Vl 8) Ф • The animals who drank from the lake became strong and healthy. • Yondi jumped into the water and became old and ill. • He found a flower in the lake. • Snakes helped him push up the sky. • The magic water made people and animals tall and strong. Answer the questions. What was the Earth like in the old times? Who was Yondi? What surprised Yondi when he saw animals near the lake? What did the magic water do to Yondi? Why did he want to push up the sky? What did the magic water do to people, animals and trees? How did the people and animals celebrate? How did the magic stick become a boomerang? a) Choose any animal that you want to be (a kangaroo, a koala, a bird, ...). Speak about your life before and after Yondi pushed up the sky. b) Interview Yondi for the Australia Website on the Spacenet. Ask him about: • his family; • his hobbies; • his life after he pushed up the sky. 1) Read about Rudyard Kipling. Have you read his books? Which is your favourite one? Rudyard Kipling is a famous British poet and writer. When he was a child, he lived in India with his parents. He travelled a lot. Children all over the world enjoy his “Jungle Book” — an exciting story about a boy who lived in the jungle. 2) a) Guess the meaning of these words. ----------------П Read and guess и V* f Л -3 f Г iH* [a'dres], carp-fish b) Find the meaning of these words in the Word List .-vOCC- >00<‘;0 fx>c a cave a spear, to spear to break (broke, broken) to mend a stranger a piece bark danger to scare 3) Read the story. Do you think it is funny? Why? the First Letter LUaS LUritten' After Kipling) In the old, old times there was a man who lived in a cave. He couldn’t read and he couldn’t write and he didn’t want to learn to do it. When he wasn’t hungry, he was happy. He had a lovely little daughter. Taffy (this was her name) loved her mum and dad, and they were all three very happy. Taffy always went hunting and fishing with her dad. One day they went to the river to spear carp-fish for dinner. But before they could catch any fish, Taffy’s dad broke the spear. ^ was written было написано fi и How ‘‘What have I done!” he said, will we catch carp-fish now? “There’s your big spear at home”, said Taffy. “Let me run back to the cave and ask Mummy to give it to me.” “It’s too far for your little fat legs. I’ll try to mend my old spear.” “It’s so sad that you and I don’t know how to write,” said Taffy. “We could send a letter to Mummy and ask for a new spear.” A stranger-man came to the river. He was from a far place and he did not understand Taffy’s language. “Come here,” said Taffy. “Do you know where my Mummy lives?” And the stranger-man said “Um!” “Could you go to my Mummy and ask for Daddy’s big black spear?” Taffy asked the stranger-man. He thought, “This is a very nice girl. I don’t understand what she says, but I must do what she wants, or her dad will get angry.” He gave Taffy a piece of white bark because he wanted to say, “I will be kind to you.” But Taffy didn’t understand this. “Oh!” she said. “Now I see! You want Mummy’s address? Of course I can’t write, but I can draw pictures. First I’ll draw how Daddy broke his spear. At ✓ f? It isn’t like Daddy, but Mummy will guess. Now I’ll draw the new spear that he wants. This is the spear that I ask you to get, so I’ll draw how I’m telling you this. My hair doesn’t stand up of course, but it’s easier to draw like this. Now I’ll draw you. I think you’re very nice, but I can’t make you so nice in the picture, because I can’t draw well. I’ve put the spear that Daddy wants into your hand. Do you understand?” The piece of bark wasn’t very big, and it was difficult to draw so many things on it. Here is Taffy’s picture. “Now run to our cave and show this picture to my Mummy. She’ll give you the spear.” The stranger-man took Taffy’s picture and ran like the wind. He thought, “The picture shows that this little girl and her dad are in danger. I must run for help.” The stranger-man ran to Taffy’s home and found her Mummy. But when he gave her the piece of white bark with Taffy’s picture, she wasn’t happy. She was very angry! She said to her friends, “Look! This stranger-man scared my little Taffy and threw a spear at her daddy and broke his arm!” They went to the river. But there they saw Taffy playing with flowers and her daddy catching carp-fish with his mended spear. о к к /> Taffy’s mum asked, “Are you two OK? Has this stranger-man scared you and thrown spears at you?” “No, Mummy!” Taffy said. “He was very kind. I drew a picture because I wanted to ask him to get a new spear for Daddy”. “Oh, now I see,” her mum said, and they laughed. This is how a little girl drew the very first letter. 4) Find and read: • sentences with new words; • sentences that match the pictures. ^ Put the sentences in the correct order and read them. 1. One day Taffy’s dad broke his spear. 2. There was a girl, Taffy, who lived with her mum and dad in a cave. 3. When Taffy’s mum understood what was in the picture, she laughed. 4. The stranger-man took Taffy’s picture and gave it to her mum. 5. Taffy asked the stranger-man to get her daddy a new spear. 6. Taffy’s mum got angry when she saw the picture. A* v) 6) D 8) Right or wrong? Read and say. • Taffy could read and write. • She drew her letter on a piece of paper. • The stranger-man understood Taffy’s picture very well. • He was nice and kind to Taffy. • He found Taffy’s mum and gave her the letter. • Taffy’s mum was unhappy when she saw the stranger-man. She thought, “He has scared my daughter!” • When they came to the river, they saw that Taffy and her dad were in danger. • Taffy’s mum laughed when she understood Taffy’s letter. Answer the questions. • When and where did Taffy and her family live? • What did Taffy always do together with her dad? • Why did Taffy’s dad need a new spear? • Could the stranger-man understand Taffy? Why? • What did Taffy draw in her picture? • What did the stranger-man think when he saw the picture? • What did Taffy’s mum think when she saw the picture? Imagine that you are one of the characters from the story. Tell the story. a) You are Taffy. b) You are Taffy’s dad. c) You are Taffy’s mum. d) You are the stranger-man. 9) Act out the conversations between: a) Taffy and her dad; b) Taffy and her mum; c) the stranger-man and Taffy. What do you think? Discuss these questions. • Why did Taffy need to write a letter? • Why was it difficult to understand her letter? Ш0В1) LIST across [a'kros] через against [o'geinst] зд. о angry ['seggri] злой attic ['aetik] чердак В ballet ['baelei] балет bark [bcuk] кора (дерева) beard [brad] борода become [Ы'клт] (became, become) становиться believe [bi'liiv] верить to believe in God верить в Бога bend [bend] (bent, bent) гнуться, сгибаться break [breik] (broke, broken) ломать(ся), разбивать(ся) bring [bng] (brought, brought) приносить broom [bru:m] метла captain ['kaeptmj капитан carp-fish [kaip'fij] карп (рыба) catch [kaetj] (caught, caught) ловить, поймать cave [keiv] пещера coffee ['knfi] кофе cover ['клуэ] накрывать, покрывать cowboy ['kau'boi] ковбой coyote ['koiaut] койот, луговой волк danger ['deincfea] опасность dig [dig] (dug, dug) копать fall [foil] (fell, fallen) падать far [fa:] далеко far-off [fai'rof] дальний folklore [Тэик'Ь:] фольклор (народное творчество) frog [frog] лягушка garden [ga:dn] сад giant ['cisaiont] великан glasses ['glcrsiz] очки god [gnd] бог H hide [haid] (hid, hidden) прятать(ся) high [hai] высокий hit [hit] (hit, hit) ударяться hole ['haul] дырка, отверстие howl [haul] выть to howl at the moon выть на луну hunt [Ьлш] охота to go hunting ходить на охоту I ice [ais] лёд icy [’aisi] ледяной ill [il] больной to be ill быть больным, болеть К kill [kil] убивать о Af /CSL ^ G V* lady ['leidi] леди lasso [la'su:] лассо, аркан leather ['1ебэ] кожа {выделанная) legend ['lectsand] легенда light [lait] светлый look [luk] смотреть to look after ухаживать, заботиться to look around осматриваться lose [lu:z] (lost, lost) терять lumberjack ['Umbscfeaek] лесоруб M man [maen] мужчина mark [mo:k] метка marry ['maeri] выйти замуж, жениться mend [mend] чинить metal ['metal] металл money [rriAni] деньги mortar ['ma:ta] зд. ступа move [mu:v] двигаться to move around поворачиваться rat [raet] крыса rich [ntj] богатый scare [skea] напугать sell [sel] (sold, sold) продавать shout [faut] кричать sit [sit] (sat, sat) садиться snake [sneik] змея spear [spia] копьё; бить копьём (рыбу) spirit ['spirit] дух statue ['staetju:] статуя stick [stik] палка stone [staun] камень; каменный stop [stnp] остановка; останавливаться stork [sto:k] аист stove [stauv] печка stranger ['streinclsa] незнакомец; чужестранец strong [stroo] сильный surprise [sa'praiz] удивление о N nectar ['nekta] нектар 0 ox [nks] бык pair [pea] пара piece [pi:s] кусок poet ['pauit] поэт prairie ['preari] прерия, степь precious ['prejas] драгоценный pull [pul] тянуть to pull out вытаскивать push [puj] толкать to push up поднять вверх tame [teim] приручать tornado [ta:'neidau] торнадо, смерч track [traek] след trick [tnk] шутка, обман to play a trick шутить, подшучивать turn [t3:n] поворачиваться to turn into превра1дать(ся) \J N underground [’Andagraund] под землёй Ш wagon ['waegan] повозка, фургон wife [wait] жена A A к ■ n CONTENTS Fairies.......................................... 4 Spirits......................................... 10 The Elves and the Shoemaker..................... 14 How Bear Lost His Tail.......................... 21 Pecos Bill...................................... 27 Paul Bunyan..................................... 31 Dick Wittington................................. 35 The First Boomerang............................. 43 How the First Letter Was Written................ 49 Word List.................................... 54 в учебно-методический комплект по английскому языку для 4 класса общеобразовательных учреждений входят: • Учебник (часть 1, часть 2) • Рабочая тетрадь • Книга для чтения • Книга для учителя • Звуковое пособие АКАДЕМКНИГА/УЧЕБНИК 785494